Co-parenting: 30 tips for how to coparent with your ex

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It is not divorce or separation that harms children — but conflict between parents, no matter if they are married or divorced, studies find.

Penn State University sociology professors studied 2,000 married people and 700 children and concluded that children that had the highest levels of anxiety and depression either had low-conflict parents who divorced or high-conflict parents who remained together.

Thankfully, it is within your control as a separated parent to lower the conflict in your coparenting.

What is co-parenting?

The definition of co-parenting is the practice of two parents working together to parent the kids. While married or coupled parents can and should certainly co-parent amicably, and collaboratively, the term is usually used when navigating divorced and separated families where parents live apart.

Ideally, co-parenting moms and dads work together in the raising of children, including big decisions like medical and religious practices, as well as daily routines, discipline, schedules and values. 

Co-parenting apps can help. Read our reviews of the top co-parenting apps for 2021.

Coparenting and shared parenting are separate, but closely related terms.

Shared parenting is the term used for time-sharing in the event of separation or divorce in which the kids split the hours and days approximately equally between both parents’ homes.

Other terms include shared physical custody, equally shared parenting time, equal co-parenting, and equally shared parenting responsibility.  

A review of 60 peer-reviewed and published studies on shared parenting found that children fare better when separated, and divorced co-parents share parenting time and decisions approximately equally (courts and academics consider at least 40 percent time with each parent to be considered shared parenting, a.k.a. equal co-parenting).

This is also true for co-parenting in high-conflict situations.

What is the difference between coparenting and joint custody?

Co-parenting can technically describe any parents who work together to collaboratively, and peacefully raise children together.

Joint custody, on the other hand, is a legal term that can describe one of two things:

Joint legal custody means both parents have equal rights to make major decisions that affect their children, including health care, education, religion, and where the kids live.

Joint physical custody refers to equal time sharing, which is also called 50/50 parenting, or equally shared parenting.

While joint physical custody can and should co-parenting, it doesn’t always. Parents who cannot communicate well, or have extremely toxic and high-conflict relationships can parallel parent, which means they have a time-sharing arrangement, but each parents in their own way without input from the other parent during their time with the kids.

In a co-parenting relationship, a mother and father (or two dads, or two moms, etc.) are able to mostly overcome their differences and communicate and agree on most matters involving the children. Whether you can agree or not, you may benefit from a co-parenting app.

Aren’t women naturally better parents?

No. Science proves kids need both parents equally.

What is a coparenting agreement?

If you are divorced, legally separated, or have filed a parenting plan with courts, you likely have a legally binding parenting agreement as part of the proceedings. If you are going through a breakup or divorce now, you may ask your ex, and/or his attorney, for a co-parenting agreement.

A co-parenting agreement is simply a contract that binds you both to certain items as they pertain to how you will behave towards each other and the children for the sake of raising healthy kids. This may also be called a custody agreement, parenting plan, or a custody and visitation agreement.

You and your other parent may create a co-parenting agreement at any time. You can do this without attorneys, and may choose to file in the courts, or it can serve as a friendly outline of behaviors, schedules and protocol for raising children together.

You can buy an affordable co-parenting agreement from RocketLawyer, an A+ Better Business Bureau rated online legal platform >>

What is included in a co-parenting agreement?

For purposes of filing for divorce or custody, a court may require the following issues to be agreed upon (or a judge may mandate the following):

  • Weekly visitation schedule
  • Holiday and summer schedules
  • Child support
  • Payment of children’s health insurance and other medical expenses
  • Payment of child care, camp and extracurricular activities
  • Keeping each parent informed about medical, education and other important issues
  • Restrictions on how far parents can live from one another
  • Sharing decisions about religious education

What to do when the non-custodial parent doesn’t show up or cancels last minute

Other items that you may choose to add to a co-parenting agreement can include anything you agree on, including:

  • First rights of refusal
  • Access to grandparents and other relatives
  • Use of a shared calendar and/or a specific co-parenting app
  • Protocol for requesting and negotiating schedule changes
  • The requirement of responsibility for scheduled visitation time. In other words, a parent cannot simply cancel their scheduled time with a child, but must make appropriate child care arrangements in the event of a schedule change
  • Transportation — which parent is responsible for transporting kids from one home to the other
  • Communication — number of hours or days each parent has to respond to an email or text
  • Communication about parent-teacher conferences
  • Time-sharing for birthdays and other life events
  • You know what you and your ex fight about or will likely fight about — get it in writing now!

Why and how to have an amicable divorce

What does it mean to co-parent? What does healthy co-parenting look like?

Ideally, both parents are actively involved in the child’s day-to-day life, communicate amicably (though you don’t have to be friends to be good co-parents), share the physical, financial, logistical and emotional responsibilities and joys of parenting, and encourage your children to have a warm relationship with the other parent, and their extended family and friends. Co-parenting also requires that the parents communicate respectfully when challenges arise, and work together in the best interest of the child. Co-parenting mothers and fathers should allow each parent to express their own rules and parenting style when spending time with the child.

Healthy co-parenting also means establishing boundaries.

How to set up co-parenting boundaries with your ex

IGNORE when he gets pissy.


Emily’s tactic:

“It took me a while to release the angry texting habit I adopted once he moved out, criticizing him every time he was late, or his stories sounded fishy about a plan change.

Now I say to myself: ‘And that is why I divorced him,’ and breathe an actual sigh of relief.

I text ‘OK thanks,’ like a robot and get on with my life.”

Our Family Wizard co-parenting app has a ToneMeter that flags any inflammatory words or phrases that you type — so you can delete before you send!

Healthy co-parenting boundaries vs. unhealthy boundaries

Writes Billy Flynn Gadbois, B.S, J.D.:

With co-parenting it is important to focus on the things you can control, and that starts at home. Maintaining a happy and stable environment comes first, and that includes prioritizing your romantic relationships sometimes, as selfish as that may sound. If Mom and Dad are happy, the kids are going to be happy. Trickle-down economics may not work, but trickle-down happiness does. Prioritizing the nest is ultimately the basis of good coparenting.

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Gadbois continues:

Prioritize your nest, every time. You don’t have to be unreasonable or rigid with it. Its simply calculating a balance with a priority in mind. If the issue will negatively impact the people in your nest in a valid way, the answer is no. If the impact is neutral or the pros outweigh the cons or if it is outright positive for the kids or the coparenting relationship and everyone is comfortable with it, then sure, do it up.

The basic advice about communicating and establishing health boundaries with a co-parent — especially in a high-conflict relationship — includes:

  • Stick to practical matters
  • Do not dig up past hurts or arguments
  • Conduct co-parenting communication by text, email or within a co-parenting app like OurFamilyWizard, which has a unique ToneMeter feature to flag any language that will start a fight
  • Give your ex the benefit of the doubt
  • Consider taking a co-parenting class — near you or online. Best online parenting classes — including co-parenting programs
  • If it makes practical sense, invite into the group chat or co-parenting app step-parents, grandparents, nannies and friends. The goal is to share information, ease communication and share the joys and responsibilities of child-rearing!

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What does inappropriate co-parenting look like?

Ineffective co-parenting can include any number of dysfunctional dynamics, including:

  • One parent controlling how the other spends time with the child
  • Undermining the other parent’s authority with the kids, e.g. telling the children they don’t have to follow the other parent’s rules
  • Manipulating the kids to gain their favor over the other parent, to be the “favorite” parent
  • Attempts to undermine the other parent’s new romantic relationship

Co-parenting with a controlling or toxic ex?

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30 tips successful co-parenting

 Whether you can stand the idea of relinquishing control of your children to an ex you dislike, loathe or hate, you likely do not have a choice.

Shared parenting legislation was introduced in more than half of states last year, and as science, media and general common sense infiltrates family court and culture, there has been an incredibly positive movement towards it.

Even if the kids are with you a majority of the time, there is a lot you can do to promote a family culture of equality and harmony.

Working with a therapist (opposed to an expensive lawyer), can help. Online therapists specializing in mediation, divorce, coparenting or couples are a great option for coparents, as the process is very affordable, anonymous, convenient (you connect via video, phone or text), and you don’t have to be in the same room as your ex!

How do you have a healthy coparenting relationship? Keep reading …

1. Establish co-parenting rules

  • Respect that each co-parent is equal.
  • Both parents are equally responsible for the children.
  • Appreciate that both parents bring unique qualities, friends and family members to the child’s life and development.
  • The nature or reason of the parents’ breakup or divorce is irrelevant to the co-parenting relationship.
  • Each parent’s extended families are equally important.
  • Both partners can manage their romantic lives as they prefer, without input from the coparent.

2. Trust, not control your ex

The big, over-arching theme in successful, harmonious co-parenting is that both partners respect the other to be a safe, decent parent when the other is not around.

If you truly believe that your kids’ other parent is unsafe, then you need to take legal action to minimize contact. Otherwise, you are the controlling ex that your co-parent must navigate. Don’t be the controlling ex!

Which brings me to the big point about shared parenting: If a parent is deemed safe to be with the kids 10 percent of the time, they are then safe to be with them 30 or 50 or 80 or even 100 percent of the time.

That means that you do not try to control what happens at the other parent’s house.

Maybe he is the fun weekend dad, all the time, and you prefer children have structure, chores and downtime.

He is a strict vegan and never allows sugar, carbs or produce grown outside of the county. You think kids need animal protein and the occasional cookie.

 You have to let that go.

Do not call all the time to check in on the kids, or chat with them. Do not ask to take the kids more in the name of doing something special with them. Honor that his scheduled time belongs to the kids.

The beauty of successful shared parenting is that once you trust each other and learn to communicate, you are more likely to peacefully negotiate differences for the sake of everyone’s best interests.

Says Elizabeth:

“My ex and I started to co parent amazingly once I let go of trying to control the situation, let him parent the way he wants to parent, be understanding when he was late, and ignore the clothes never being returned. Once you take the pressure off, the tension eases and you can start to bond and connect better.”

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3. Shared parenting is about gender equality

Accept that men and women are equal.

That includes that mothers and fathers are equal parents.

Our culture does not support that idea. Women are told since birth that we are the superior parents, and that our greatest calling is to be a mother.

Men are told that their contribution to family life is as the breadwinner.

Family courts support this culture, by overwhelmingly ruling that mothers have primary custody, and men pay child support.

This model perpetuates gender stereotypes.

By equally sharing parenting responsibilities, and the cost of raising children, you are not only doing what is best for your children, you also model healthy coparenting for others who are watching you, changing our culture, our world, and informing family courts for other families.

Healthy co-parenting is activism. Thank you for your work!

Why so many dads are better parents after divorce

4. Protect the kids after divorce or separation

If things are tense between you, keep the focus of any must-have interaction on the kids. 

If you are going through divorce now, consider low-conflict options like mediation, collaborative divorce, or file for divorce yourself online. There are a number of quality divorce apps and programs that will help you file for divorce online.

5. Even after divorce: coparent as a team

Focus on parenting as a team.

Ask his advice about behavior issues.

Do not allow the kids to pit one of you against the other, and never vie for the position as favorite parent.

As one member of my Millionaire Single Moms Facebook group said:

“In parenting, there is no good-cop / bad-cop. Sometimes we are both the bad cop.” 

I’ll add: And you both get to be the good cop!

This co-parenting rule includes: Do not ask children to weigh in on adult decisions. This includes time-sharing, resolving any disputes over holiday schedules, or other issues that are for parents. Over-empowering children to make adult decisions in divorced families is the hallmark of parental alienation.

Parental alienation: A call to change parenting culture — and law

6. Choose carefully words you use for your kids’ homes, and their dad

The kids have two homes — use pronouns accordingly.

When communicating with him, use ‘your house’ and ‘my house’ … not ‘Home,’ as in ‘When will you bring the kids home?’

It doesn’t matter how much time each parent has with the kids, keep these pronouns neutral.

That goes for the language you use with your kids, too. “Daddy’s house” and “mommy’s house” — not “your dad’s house” and “home.”

Similarly, watch your mouth re: what you call your kids’ dad — even when speaking with other people.

From Maggie: “Change your own thinking by reframing what your relationship is with him in your head. ‘My child’s other parent,’ instead of ‘my ex.'”

Cozi app for FREE for family organization and communication

7. Have family meetings with your ex

From Erin: “We still occasionally have family meetings. It benefits the kids to see that we are on the same page and then everyone gets everything out at once.”

A quality therapist can help facilitate the conversation, defuse conflict, and help establish boundaries.

Good reasons to use couple’s counseling—even if you’re not married

What is family therapy and how to find a quality counselor

8. Set up a co parenting calendar — download an app

You can do this with Google calendar, or as part of a co-parenting app like Our Family Wizard or Cozi. This can be a life-changing exercise to keep track of visitation schedules, kids’ activities, the millions of half-days off school, and to negotiate schedule changes.

For co-parenting schedules, expense sharing, and more co-parenting apps can be a handy, low-cost (or free!) way to make co-parenting easy, plus create a document to help resolve any conflict quickly.

Coparenting apps help all parties involved streamline the logistical issues that can create confusion and conflict:

  • Create and share a single calendar
  • Document cost-sharing
  • Keep and share contact and other info (grandparents, pediatrician, and babysitter contacts, medical info) in one convenient place
  • Creating systems for changing visits, coordinating extracurriculars, school days off and all the other complications (and joys!) of raising children
  • Share all this info with other caregivers like relatives, neighbors, coaches, nannies and babysitters, and the kids themselves!

Best 2021 co-parenting apps

9. Consider co-parenting counseling

If you and your ex are having trouble getting along, consider co-parent counseling. This is just what it sounds like: getting a trained therapist to help the two of you become the best parents you can be.

This is great for your kids, obviously. But it’s also good for the two of you. Life is too short to hang on to anger, or to grief. Counseling can help you move on.

Similar to family meetings, many parents who live separately find it helpful to meet with an objective, professional third-party to work though co-parenting challenges, as well as everyday parenting woes. Does your kid struggle with anxiety, depression, an eating disorder, social or academic challenges? Is your ex passive-aggressive, toxic, abusive or otherwise uncooperative?

Online therapy is a great option for coparents. These platforms are anonymous, much lower-cost than in-person counseling, and because you connect via phone, video, text or email, you don’t have to be in the same room as your ex! BetterHelp is a popular online therapy site, with an A+ BBB rating, the ability to choose from thousands of licensed, certified counselors, and fees starting at $65/week, for unlimited sessions. 20% off for Wealthy Single Mommy readers, no coupon code required. Financial aid available from BetterHelp. Learn more about online therapy now with BetterHelp >>

10. Consider co-parenting classes

Your family courts system likely offers co-parenting classes for free or an affordable rate.

11. Recognize your own role in conflict

How do you respond when your ex irritates you? Are you always prompt in responding to your kids’ other parent? Do you bring up old fights? Try to resolve past hurts? Punish him?

Do you grill your kids about their visit when they return from their other parent’s home? Fish around for information about a new boyfriend or girlfriend? Internally, do you compare your new, post-divorce life to your ex’s? Measure who is “doing better?”

Do you — even once in a while, passive-aggressively — make negative comments about your kids’ mom/dad? Their other grandparents?

The good news is that you are not alone, and you are a normal human.

No co-parent is perfect, and if someone tells you that they are not guilty of at least a few transgressions, they are liars / in total denial.

The other good news is that you can heal the past wounds that have led you here. In fact, take these co-parenting mistakes as an opportunity to recognize where you may have room to grow.

You may be surprised to find that when you focus on your own part of any co-parenting conflict, the whole relationship changes. This may include changing your own behavior, as well as setting stronger boundaries and not accepting the other person’s poor behavior.

You are powerful!

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12. Keep coparenting communication open and frequent

Some basic rules:

  • Stick to the facts.
  • Respond promptly. You can respond to a text within 12 hours. If you need to think about something, do research or otherwise need to figure something out, let your kids’ other parent know that you are working on their request and when they can expect an answer.

Routinely involve him in decisions about the kids’ child care, school, health, activities — even if he doesn’t attend events and appointments, or pretend to care. Just share anyway.

Respond to his or her text right away. If you don’t have the answer to a question, still respond to confirm you received the request, and tell them when they can expect an answer.

Also: Include in any coparenting agreement a time limit for responding to schedule change requests and other communication, be it 24 or 72 hours. Include in the agreement that if there is no response, the requesting party will assume an affirmative response.

For example, if Jessica asks Omar if he will swap weekends, he will have 48 hours (or whatever their agreement states) to respond. If Omar does not respond, Jessica can safely assume that she is free to change the visitation schedule on the coparenting app or shared Google calendar.

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13. Invite your ex to birthday parties

Invite him to birthday or graduation parties you throw for the kids.

You can also ask him to participate in the planning, to bring the cake or otherwise be involved.

14. Stay involved with your ex-in-laws

Stay connected to his family and friends.

Send them holiday cards and invite them to school, sports and birthday events.

Better yet, in the case of a dispute, just let him take the kids for the holiday.

15. Tell your kids happy stories about their dad

Share positive stories about the other parent with the kids.

Tell them about how you met, or trips you took, or positive qualities about their dad.

This communicates to your children something positive about a person they love, and reconditions you to think differently, and better about your ex.

This shift will infiltrate your energy, vibration, and interaction with him.

When she was 4, my daughter was obsessed with family stories. “Mommy, tell me a story about when I was a baby,” she’ll ask, and I’d tell her about how once, as a sleeping infant, her laugh broke the pin-drop silence of one of New York Public Library’s reading rooms, eliciting a symphony of chuckles. “Tell me a story about when you were a little girl,” she’d say. And I tell her about being 5 and cutting the acres of lawn on my grandparents’ farm with a riding mower.

I could see her putting together the pieces of my history, the family history, and how the elements come together to help her understand herself.

Then she took it up a notch: “Mommy, tell me a story about you and daddy before you were married.”

I took a deep breath. I spend a lot of energy on not being bitter about things. I pay attention to where I put my energy — I don’t want to be one of those women still grumbling about some argument with their ex, 30 years after the fact. Sometimes I worry I swing too far in the opposite direction and tuck away memories altogether, afraid that should I pull one — even a funny or sweet or tender one — all the bad ones will come bursting out in a flood of emotion.

But there are so, so many good memories. And I want my children to know those stories because they are also their stories. But more than that, I want them to have a sense of the love that brought their dad and me together, because that is also their love.

And so I told Helena about a road trip her dad and I took when we were dating. We drove from Phoenix to San Diego and on the way home decided it would be fun to play Name That Tune. The key was each of was to whistle a song, and the other would guess. The catch was that I can’t whistle. I’ve heard there is a genetic defect that makes this so, and I don’t know, but no whistling Dixie for me.

But that didn’t stop us, and so for most of the six-hour drive, we took turns whistling Madonna’s “Like a Prayer” or David Gray’s “The Other Side” or Ray Charles’s “I’ve Gotta Woman” and when it was my turn Emmanuel would listen very, verrrry carefully and try to guess as I earnestly huffed out a hollow whisper of a melody until we couldn’t take it anymore and would burst out laughing. And then we would start again.

Helena totally understood the hilarity of the story, and teased me about not being able to whistle (incidentally, she learned when she was 2). Then she sat back on the sofa with a satisfied look on her face, and I knew that she really got it — the whole big story is really about her, and that that story is indeed full of love.

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Be inspired by coparenting quotes and stories

Here is an essay I wrote before I became a mom about my kids’ dad and I, I and I shared it with my children:

Shortly after I started dating my husband, a colleague forwarded around one of those jokey emails to women in the office. The subject: “The morning after: Reason No. 249 why you shouldn’t drink so much.” In the email was a photo of the backside of a naked man, curled into a semi-fetal position, innocently asleep in a mussed up bed.

He was hairy as hell – covered from the nape of his neck to his ankles. That was the extent of the joke.

My boyfriend, I thought, could beat this guy in a follicle count, hands down. “Too bad women everywhere are laughing at this poor guy,” I said to myself. “Too bad for the women.”

While the covers of many men’s magazines are graced by slick-chested bucks with glistening biceps designed to make women swoon, I savor the virile-yet-cuddly nature of my Mediterranean husband’s equally buff body, which happens to be totally encased in a healthy coat of fur.

I love my husband’s body hair. I love that it is soft. I love that it is a little bit rough. I love that it is the epitome of masculine. I love running my fingers through it and nuzzling my nose in it. I love the look of it.

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It really is tragic that more women a) don’t also love hairy men; and b) that those who do are not encouraged to express it. After all, in single circles, women often cite hairy backs as a reason for dismissal, akin to living with one’s mother or wearing a high school class ring. In The 40 Year Old Virgin, Steve Carell’s character is persuaded that he can get laid only after he rids himself of his luxurious chest sweater. While watching Carell scream a shrill “Como se llama!!” as chunks of black wool are waxed from his pink flesh, I couldn’t help but pity the many fuzzy men who are subjected to the nation’s bigotry against the hairy.

It’s interesting that women spend so much time and money ridding their own bodies of hair in an effort to purge themselves of anything masculine. And yet we persecute men whose bodies flaunt their Y chromosome.

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After all, being hairy is like being bald: there isn’t a thing you can do about it. And if you do try to do a lot with it, there’s a good chance you’ll do something ridiculous (like shave, wax or Nair some unspeakable body part, swim with your shirt on, or, worst of all, let shame drive you to become a 40-year-old virgin). Instead, a man who can conquer the world despite possessing a physical characteristic that is widely accepted as ugly has a certain inner strength, a certain charm, and a definite sex appeal. And if he can laugh at the bush that is his body, all the better.

Not long after my colleague emailed around the hairy-man warning, I was examining Emmanuel’s hands. They are strong, with appropriately trimmed nails and a slick of mane on each finger. “Why does your knuckle hair grow sideways?” I asked. “They’re comb-overs for my bald spots,” he said. Since then, we’ve taken to exploring the unusual Moon Pie-sized swirls his body whiskers form on the sides of his torso, jawline and elbows.

He calls them crop circles and I pretend my finger is getting sucked into them like a whirlpool. Lying in bed one morning, I asked him how he gets the hairs out of his nose. “I coax them out with treats,” he said. Instead of hiding behind his hair or, worse, being shamed by it, my man’s turned his hirsute nature into a source of self-deprecating humor that I find sexy as hell.

And then there is the part of him that is beat down by body-hair hate. I appreciate his vulnerability as I listen to his childhood woes of playing pickup shirts–and-skins basketball and peeling off his jersey only to have one of the guys snark, “We said skins.” Or overhearing his junior-high crush trash talk another guy with a hairy back. Or how he enjoys sunbathing only on the beach in Greece, where he can relax among the other shaggy dudes.

Of course, being the wife of a hairy guy is not all snuggles and testosterone. There are the furballs that drift menacingly across our apartment’s wood floors. I buy more Drano than permitted by the EPA.  Short and curlies wind up in most salads I make. Recently I was at Crate and Barrel, and became enchanted by a white shag rug. Then I thought: ”How am I going to keep this clean?” There was no sale.

But such hassles are the price you pay to enjoy the company of a hairy man. I sometimes wonder if I really do love the hair—or do I just love Emmanuel, and have learned to love the things that go along with him? After all, it’s not like he is overweight or wears Old Spice or has white-guy dreadlocks. Maybe along the way I just passively accepted it as part of the package?

Once in a while I imagine what it would be like to be with a guy with a smooth, hair-free back. In my mind it’s as pudgy and clammy as a fetal pig. So maybe there is something to that hair. Not only is that web of fuzz the lense through which I came to see, know and love Emmanuel, it’s also a bonus point, a toy at the bottom of your favorite box of cereal, or realizing that the funky mold growing on a lovely cheese actually makes it all the more delicious.

Originally published 2013. 

16. Cooperate with your ex on holidays

Buy him a holiday and birthday gift on behalf of the kids. Be generous with the holiday coparenting schedule.

17. Support your ex’s new girlfriend or wife

Be positive about any romantic partners in his life — both to the kids and to him.

It doesn’t matter if you like your kids’ new stepmom or whether she was the affair partner.

18. Respect your co-parent

When he makes a suggestion or request about parenting, listen and follow it unless you actually really object.

19. Support your kids’ dad’s parenting

Think about what you can do to help the other parent win at parenting.

These might include daily reminders, scheduling and planning emails, or follow-up phone calls.

Do it from a place of love and unity, and without being condescending!

However, this can be a fine line. If your other parent over-depends on you, establish those boundaries, inform your co-parent of what you are willing to do, and not do, and then stick to your word.

20. Let him fail.

There is a fine line between being supportive and co-dependent.

Ultimately, he is responsible for being the best father he can.

I have heard moms say they schedule fun activities for their kids’ dad to do with “because I love my kids and want them to have fun weekends.”

That is actually controlling and co-dependent and doesn’t work in a coparenting relationship.

21. Celebrate the kids with him

Share the kids’ successes with him: Screenshot good grades on homework or cute craft projects and send him, send pics or videos from sports events he misses – and not in a passive-aggressive way to punish him for not being there.

22. Say yes more than you say no (if you can)

Say ‘yes’ as very often as you possibly can when he asks for flexibility in the schedule. 

23. Please and thank you

Thank him when he is flexible with you, no matter how much more of the work you know you do.

24. Don’t keep score of stuff

Let go of the, ‘I bought those clothes so they stay at my house.’

If you’re running short on certain items, just ask that enough be returned when you are running low, and pay back that favor.

25. Let the kids see you speaking well of one another — to one another

Give him a compliment. Do it in front of the kids.

It is so important for your kids to hear nice things about YOU — if your ex is not the person, find someone who is:

In the past few weeks I had really sweet experiences with friends’ paying lovely compliments to me via my kids.

Like last night when my neighbors came for dinner with their new baby, and over stew and winter salad Helena complained how her mom (that would be me) yelled at her in the mornings. “Well,” my friend said. “When I see how bright and funny and well-behaved you and your brother are, I think what a great mom you and Lucas have.” Which shut my kid up real quick-like.

Or a few weeks ago, my oldest friend Amanda visited from St. Louis. While she, the kids and I ate banana apple muffins in the living room on Saturday morning, Amanda told my daughter what a great mom she has, how she has an interesting career and takes them on cool trips and  some other stuff I forget because I was just so touched and grateful for her friendship, but also that there was someone other than me pointing out my finer points to my kids. Marketing experts know that promotion is far more powerful when coming from a credible third party — in this case, someone who is not naggingly demanding respect and gratitude all the live-long day (that would be me).

Which brings up a big question for single moms: For all you do for your kids, who do you have in your life to point out those things to your kid? In a perfect world, each of us might have a spouse or partner who genuinely adores you, and organically displays that adoration through myriad words and gestures. In the absence of such a partner, who puts into perspective for your kids what a great cook, or hard worker, or loving parent you are?

Often, I feel like my kid’s don’t appreciate me as much as I think they should (what can I say, I have an ego — it needs stroking from those I love most!). But then I realize that they are listening all the time. I hear Helena telling her friends: “My mom is a VERY GOOD writer! And she has a radio show and is on TV!” I realize that she listens when my friends come over and we talk business, and she pays attention when I tell her about my day.

And Lucas goes beyond in his over-exaggerated way to be positive, will say: “Mommy, those muffins are looking GOOD!” or “Thank you for making movie night.” Maybe it his naturally sunny disposition, or my nightly drilling of gratitude practices or constant “What do you say …?” (Acceptable answers: a) Please, b) Thank-you). Or maybe I have nagged my kid into a gratitude stupor that extends to his mother.

26. Careful with your new boyfriend on social media

Refrain from posting social media pics of your new boyfriend with the kids, with the exception of when everyone is really getting along awesome and it truly is NBD.

Otherwise, that is not only counter-productive for co-parenting, but it is mean and targets his manhood on the most primal level. 

27. Move on after divorce

Co-parenting advice from single mom Laura: “Change your own mindset about the past/divorce/your heartache.”


You are coparents now, and it doesn’t matter how you got here, or whose fault it is. He’s your coparent and children’s dad first, opposed to focusing on the fact he is your ex.

His girlfriend or new wife is just that, not his mistress/affair partner. Learn to respect their relationship, even if you don’t like it, or it still hurts.

Staying in a positive mindset about the now is critical for healthy coparenting.

How to heal after divorce

28. Always always be the bigger person.

When you feel the rage coming on, STOP.

It’s not about you.

Save your energy for the battles that really matter in the long-term.

What to tell your kid when their dad is not involved

29. Accept that you don’t have to force the relationship.

You may not want to spend the holidays together or sit on the same bleachers at the kids’ volleyball match.

That is OK.

30. Be patient.

Take it from me: people change and grow and forgive and mellow.

Over time, handoffs at the police station can cease and be replaced by shared holiday meals.

Explosive texting can stop and words of support and encouragement can reign. Life is long.

Having a hard time letting old stuff go? My quick tip for forgiving your ex:

Recommended co-parenting books and movies

Recommended shared parenting documentary: Divorce Corp

Kickass Single Mom, Be Financially Independent, Discover Your Sexiest Self, and Raise Fabulous, Happy Children, By Emma Johnson

Blend, The Secret to Co-Parenting and Creating a Balanced Family, By Mashonda Tifrere

Co-parenting with a Toxic Ex: What to Do When Your Ex-Spouse Tries to Turn the Kids Against You, By by Amy J. L. Baker, PhD and Paul R Fine, LCSW

Divorce Poison: How to Protect Your Family from Bad-mouthing and Brainwashing, By Dr. Richard A. Warshak

Be inspired by some coparenting memes

Co-parenting FAQs

Is co-parenting a relationship? 

Co-parenting is a type of a relationship, but not a romantic one! 

Should co-parents spend time together?

Ideally, co-parents should be able to attend their children’s events without causing the kids anxiety by being friendly, saying hello, and possibly standing or sitting near one another. Co-parents ideally should be able to attend school meetings, counseling sessions and even family meetings or dinners occasionally to discuss issues, celebrate birthdays and events and show the kids that you are on the same team.

Should co-parents talk everyday?

This really depends on the two of you, and more frequent communication is called for when there is an infant in play, or there is a medical or other high-intensity situation in which both parents want to know what is going on — and are entitled to daily updates. When children are very young, or the separation or divorce is very new it can be helpful to communicate more often. If there is a difficult period — a family illness, a child going through a difficult time, a relocation or other big life change — more frequent communication may naturally happen, or be useful or necessary. 

But there is usuall no reason to mandate daily communication between co-parents otherwise. 

How should co-parents communicate?

If yours is a high-conflict relationship, keep co-parenting communication to text, messages within a co-parenting app, or email. However, it can be very, very helpful to speak face-to-face or by phone to work though difficult child situations, share about your personal struggles that may interfere with co-parenting or otherwise check in.

Hiring a mediator, therapist or even inviting a mutual friend to moderate the conversation is perfectly fine.

What is co-parenting?

The definition of co-parenting is the practice of two parents working together to parent the kids. While married or coupled parents can and should certainly co-parent amicably, and collaboratively, the term is usually used when navigating divorced and separated families where parents live apart.

What is the difference between co-parenting and joint custody?

Co-parenting can technically describe any parents who work together to collaboratively, and peacefully raise children together. Joint legal custody means both parents have equal rights to make major decisions that affect their children. Joint physical custody refers to equal time sharing.

What does it mean to co-parent?

Ideally, both parents are actively involved in the child's day-to-day life, communicate amicably (though you don't have to be friends to be good co-parents), share the physical, financial, logistical and emotional responsibilities and joys of parenting, and encourage your children to have a warm relationship with the other parent, and their extended family and friends.

What does inappropriate co-parenting look like?

Ineffective co-parenting can include any number of dysfunctional dynamics, including: one parent controlling how the other spends time with the child; undermining the other parent's authority with the kids; and more.

Should co-parents talk everyday?

This really depends on the two of you, and more frequent communication is called for when there is an infant in play, or there is a medical or other high-intensity situation in which both parents want to know what is going on and are entitled to daily updates.

How should co-parents communicate?

If yours is a high-conflict relationship, keep co-parenting communication to text, messages within a co-parenting app, or email. However, it can be very, very helpful to speak face-to-face or by phone to work though difficult child situations, share about your personal struggles that may interfere with co-parenting or otherwise check in. founder Emma Johnson is an award-winning business journalist, activist, author and expert. A former Associated Press reporter and MSN Money columnist, Emma has appeared on CNBC, New York Times, Wall Street Journal, NPR, TIME, The Doctors, Elle, O, The Oprah Magazine. Winner of Parents magazine’s “Best of the Web” and a New York Observer “Most Eligible New Yorker," her #1 bestseller, The Kickass Single Mom (Penguin), was a New York Post Must Read. As an expert on divorce and gender, Emma presented at the United Nations Summit for Gender Equality and multiple state legislature hearings. More about Emma's credentials.


Great advice.. I’m reading this list and advice as a male coparent. I do have a question about communication and texting, my girlfriend is concerned that sending pictures of the child’s activities is too much communication and is an emotional support for the opposite coparent. Is sending pictures(nothing with the parent in picture) of activities the child is doing with the other parent acceptable as safe communication? Is letting the child call the opposite parent when they ask acceptable as safe communication? Love all the information I’ve found.

I love all of your site! Thank you for this invaluable info!
However, how do you co–parent or parallel parent with a father that is not there? He has been completely non-present for over 4 months now. And the 9+ months before that was not mentally all there, and I feared for the kids if they were with them (as did all other family members) so had to be present in the home (no breaks). He has forgotten and missed birthdays and other holidays now too. I am 100% FT single mom. So, is it right to wait for him to return to share info? Or do I still share kid’s successes to a non–responsive human? Keeping in mind there is not any trust. Everyone tells me to wait, let him come to us and see when he snaps to it. What do you say?

Oh my gosh, this is amazing. Thank you for sharing different views on this topic. Maturity is the way to go!! Be blessed

Learning to co-parent is a huge hurdle that seems like it will always be hard for most couples but it is also one of the most important things we can do to help our kids thrive. Great tips.

I have been co-parenting for about 6 months. So we’re still dealing with this new process. But recently she is upset because we split his birthday up. She wanted the 3 of us (our son, her and myself) to go to dinner together. I told her no because I’m in a relationship now and if she’s not invited I’m not going. I don’t want to confuse our son that we our still a family. (There’s a back story. She wanted me to introduce my son to my girlfriend when she felt the time was right. Not when I felt it was right.) My son has been around my girlfriend a lot. We’ve been out of town on a road trip together, we’ve spend the night at her place numerous times and just spent a lot of time together. So to me if she’s involved in his life why should she be excluded from his birthday. Was I right in this decision?

No you’re wrong. A kid needs time with both parents together. Your new girlfriend is not his mother, so why can’t the 3 of y’all go have dinner?

Wrong. A child should not be spending time pretending like the family is intact when it’s not. Very confusing for the child.

I couldn’t agree more with everything, genuis!!
The only thing I stand firm on is our daughter’s health. It’s my #1 priority due to her health issues. As long as he follows diet & supplements/all organic lifestyle I am flexible. The last issue we were in was over changing her bedding to kapok and towels/clothes to cotton. He was defiant but ultimately did. Thankful!

You did the right thing. Giving a child time with mum and dad together is very important – to the mum.
She wants to feel that she still has a family, that she isn’t so alone.
It is very confusing for a child – if those two are getting along, why are they divorced then?
It’s also potentially hurtful for a child: seeing parents together will make a child hope (sometimes subconscious level) that parents will “work it out” there is potential to reconsideration, to family reconnection. Specially if mum also refers that it is familytime, family event.
Thank you for putting your child’s mental well being before your divorce quilt or before the worry to upset your ex.

I envy all those who manage co-parenting in the best way for their children. Our son really suffers after the divorce, even if was 6 years ago. His dad has never invited him to spend a weekend with him. He sometimes invites him for a drink and that is where it stops. I invite him always to attwnd our son’s birthday, but he says he hates spending time here. Our son visits a psychotherapist and invited his dad to see how we can help, but he just listened and left without wanting to get involved. I oeganized and paid for a trip for all of us, and although he reluctantly joined us, he did everything to show our son that’s not what he wants. I feel so helpless.

This post seems like it was written by a social justice warrior who has never been in a situation with a manipulative ex who uses co-parenting as a way to stay in a RELATIONSHIP with his ex-spouse. It’s a living hell and there is no way this cutesy Hallmark crap flies in reality. This is the least helpful thing I think I’ve read all year, and I’ve been reading a lot.

I’m a grandmother who has seen this first-hand. I also grew up in a divorced household. This piece is very Pollyanna-ish in my opinion, and doesn’t address the elephants in the room. While the adults are moving on, the kids are still clinging to the hope that their parents will again love each other and they can all be a family. Bio-parents should never demonstrate to a child that they dislike the other parent. They should work to establish a routine including respectful communication, consideration of the other parent’s time, etc. The child NEEDS to see their parents demonstrate adult behavior and the ability to work things out. Over 40 years ago both of my parents refused to come to my wedding if the other parent was invited, and it was one of the saddest days of my life because of their selfishness and the insecurities of their new partners. If parents involve a new love interest or spouse they should NEVER force a child into a relationship with that person. Nor should they force their ex to include that new love interest in anything at all. It utterly displaces the child and puts the child into such a difficult position emotionally. Why would you do that to a child that you say you love? That new person isn’t dad or mom, so don’t confuse the kids with cute little nicknames like “bonus” anything. Trust me on this: the kids will grow up and detest the new spouse and hate their bio-parent for putting the new love interest and newfound happiness ahead of the child’s needs. This new love interest could be there for a month or 20 years and has ZERO AUTHORITY to act as your child’s parent or to be involved in co-parenting with your ex. One last word of advice to parents, even those in high conflict: Don’t allow ANYONE to speak negatively about your child’s other parent. That person is their dad or mom and when you don’t condemn that type of talk you’re essentially allowing your own children to be demeaned and torn apart because of who their parents are.

I’m a father on the other side of the co-parenting issues, where the mother is hostile and abusive and uncooperative. This article is terribly biased, and not worth the read if your looking for good general advice pertaining to both sexs. Really gives off “all men are trash” vibes. We live in 2021, and we haven’t realized both mother’s and father’s alike can be trash?

The first part was sorta informative, but then you got into the “ex” portion where the pronoun “he” was specifically used as though women couldn’t possibly be the toxic ones. And we wonder why majority of Father’s are stripped from their daughters and sons by aweful women.

In an ideal world I agree. But as stated when someone is a narcissist and sociopath it is very hard to co-parent and in California where everything is 50/50 you try not to engage with the other parent so the child doesn’t get dragged into it. But that’s even hard.

I left my abusive narcissist husband. And still now he don’t even come by to check on the kids. And believe me u cant even with every day telling him to come check on the kids, he will tell me so much crap and swears so I really cant co-parent with him even with effort lots of effort to get him to be involved. He blames the protection order I have against him. But I tell him come they need their father in their life’s.

I’m in Oklahoma where it’s 50/50 as well. I just wanted to add that I hear you-I know this seems never ending, but I think I truly found some applicable info in here, and while I felt myself being defensive at first (only people who have been in narc relationships would understand why I think we truly have earned this right to react this way), I’m going to take some of these ideas and run with it.
My son is nearly 7 and we’ve been in court since he was 3 months old-since I dare request child support from his father whom I was not receiving any financial assistance from. Nearly 7 years later, I’m $30k in debt and still waiting on that support.
We have court soon and I’m going to ask for us all to go to counseling together-his newest supply and my spouse.
I never would have thought of it before reading this article because I’d been generally gray rocking him and waiting whatever his next horror was to befall us.
I think I’m finally FINALLY getting to a point where I can potentially begin to make the courts aware of personality disorders and their effects on their children, since that’s been an irrelevant factor previously. If he says no to my request for counseling in an effort to provide a better blended family environment for our child, that will look bad on him. I honestly anticipate narcissistic rage at the suggestion. If he agrees, I expect narcissistic rage to occur in front of the counselor.
Don’t give up. Just try looking at things a little differently. You’ve got this.

So rather than pay your own way, you’ve wasted countless $$$ on court, tormented your child, and he’s the one with the issue, and the lady before, “I’ve put an AVO on him”, but don’t understand why he doesn’t come round. OMG. You two are horrible, but no he’s the narcissistic, he’s the one damaging the child.

This post is helpful. I’m a FTM and single mother of a 1 yr old… I have been struggling w/ co-parenting because it just wasn’t what I want. A family was my dream & since that’s not happening, I find myself trying to control . It’s became so bad that the father has stopped all communication because after 1-2 days of being nice , an argument starts because I’m upset that he doesn’t want to spend more time w/ the child. IF our child never hears from him again , I blame myself completely for being pushy, controlling and over doing it. I appreciate the tips – its helpful and shows that I have a lot I need to work on for sure. Its well worth it.

I thoroughly enjoyed this post. I appreciated your transparency and I hope one day I can successfully co-parent with my children’s dad. Thank you!

These are great tips. I’m so thankful that despite all our ups and downs my son’s father and I have been able to stay cordial with one another in his presence. I never want to get to a point where we can’t walk our son to each other’s door. It’s taken a lot of work and I have to admit, a lot of it required me to take a deep look at if I was letting my personal feelings seep into our co-parenting relationship. Certainly a journey of insight and growth. I’ll have to keep being mindful of 23 though ;P

I have been reading your site religiously for more than a year. This post brought about much change in my ability to co-parent better. I have done many things suggested above and feel like I am reaping the benefits. BUT, I do have to tell you something funny.

I am doing these things and keep telling myself it doesn’t matter if it is reciprocal or not. This year, I have invited his girlfriend and her children to my kids’ birthday celebrations. I also invited my ex-inlaws and hosted a large dinner in my home for everyone (girlfriend too). I’m a big girl, trying to co-parent like a boss! I even bought a thoughtful birthday gift for my children’s other parent ;) .

Yesterday, my children’s other parent sent me an email with a link to photos. He had paid to have our children photographed for Mother’s Day. How sweet, right?!?!?! I opened the link and the photo shoot was my kids and my ex! He’s in about 90% of the photos in coordinating colors. And my gift is that I can pay for any photo I would like from their session. WTH!!! I got so angry I started getting teary and then had to talk myself off the ledge.

This “gift” is one of the key reasons we are divorced! Yet, from the outside, you couldn’t ask for a kinder, more thoughtful co-parent, right?! What man gets everyone dressed in matching outfits and dresses himself without a woman behind that griping at everyone? He did. For my mother’s day present.

Today, I am starting to laugh about it and thought it might give you a giggle too. I appreciate this blog and share it with many divorced girlfriends. You are very good at what you do!

It is not possible to co-parent with an abusive or personality disordered person. In such a case, experts agree that parallel parenting should be the goal. Also, regardless of whether you truly believe that your kids’ other parent is unsafe, the legal bar for minimizing contact with the unsafe parent is so high that same may not be possible. Children literally die because courts do not intervene against unsafe parents or because they intervene against the protective parent.

Does the to 6 for a child being killed by the ex wife or ex husband are very very low. It does happen though and I’ve noticed that when it does happen a majority of the time it happens to be the ex wife that does it. Not saying that the ex husband doesn’t do it because it does happen. But there are not a lot of cases to look at. And about being abusive or harassed or verbal I abused, I think 80 to 90% of women that go to courts try to use that as a means to get custody taken away from the dad. I do not care about how good or badd my ex and I get along carried which we don’t get a long. But that relationship between me and her should have nothing to do with her relationship with the children or my relationship with the children which both of us have a very strong relationship with our kids. I think women need to realize in understand that dads want to be dads. They love their kids they want to take care of them they want to see them they want to help raise them they want to support them in whatever way that they can. I think women really do need to stop playing that game that tries to take custody away from the dad. Because in the long run you’re not just hurting your exhusband you are creating a lot of Hurt your children as well. Please just let dad be dad. He loves your kids More then any other person in the world besides you. And believe me I’m sure that the lady who wrote this awesome article understands that there are exceptions to the rule. There always is. But that exception to the rule goes both ways to the ex wife and to the ex husband.

I agree I now see the other side I too didn’t get along with my ex husband for while but we do now. But one thing is forsure I’ve never gotten in the way our children’s relationship with him. My bf now has and ex wife who keeps their children from him. She hates me. And she with holds information about school about doctors visits yes they share 50/50 never let’s him spend more time with the kids it’s terrible.

This is so true. My ex is a narcissist and I suffered narcissistic abuse for over five years. Now, since the birth of our son, it has been impossible to co-parent as my ex has chosen to see our son less than five times and he refuses to offer any support. I decided to share my story via blogging ( in hopes to encourage other women in abusive relationships.

I couldn’t disagree with a single point in your blog in fact this is all I’ve asked from my 2 kids moms! More so from my youngst sons mom whom I’m still married to but haven’t been together for 5 years now. My older son and his mom live in Las Vegas while I live in Vancouver Washington so it would be a major task to share 50/50 custody. I feel that the best and “ONLY” interest for a child is to be raised equally by both parents regardless of the hate that you 2 might have for each other. That needs to be put to the side and your child or children have to come first period. The way I see it is that as soon as you bring that precious life into this world your life now becomes his or hers and you should be dedicating anything and everything you can to raise your child properly together as parents but also being able to maintain your life as well.

Now with that being said how can we change people who don’t care about other people’s or children’s feelings and the damage they bring upon them because the only thing they care about is themselves and everything revolves around them and has to be done there way. You can only put up with it for so long and then the hate comes out.

You can’t beat hate with more hate you can only beat hate with love. Now love doesn’t always beat hate but it does do something. Now think about your own personal life. Think about a person that hates you and you hate them. From now on just show that person nothing but love. Now I’m not saying for a second that, that person will start loving you they will probably still hate you but one thing will happen, eventually everyone will see them as the asshole. Don’t be the asshole.

Have respect for one another, not for yourself, for your children. It’s not your child’s fault so there is absolutely no reason they should be raised in that kind of environment or unstable household. So please, your adults, put your differences aside and raise your child together with the love, respect, and dignity that your child deserves

I’ve been through a lot as a father and having 2 kids with 2 different women 1 of which lives 1000 miles away not by my choice either and nothing kills me more then seeing the pain in his face everytime we have to leave each other. All the crying we’ve done in the airport before he goes or his little brother holding on to his leg crying because he doesn’t want him to go. It’s just not worth it to see your children go through the pain because there parents can’t be adults and do what’s right for the children.

Not to offend you Emma, but truly written for the deadbeat dad in case. I am a good father and am highly engaged in my kids lives even during the time my soon to be ex was having the affair. The court system is in the favor of the mom and even something like having an affair with family, doesn’t render fairness. Apparently what is important is knowing how much money was put under your child’s pillow when he lost his 1st tooth 6 years ago, or what street he was on when he rode his bike solo for the 1st time. A little bitterness here because I was ordered to leave the house, pay child support and only get to see them every other weekend. I plan on fighting for fairness till the end. I am working on some of your tips however. I have a long way to go….

This article is a SLAM DUNK, Emma! You are so on point with all items mentioned! All of these may not be possible immediately, but this should be the goal of all parents who are divorced. Thank you!

Much of this is irrelevant if the co-parent has a history of emotional, psychological, mental & financial abuse. (Which have no visible signs and are therefore ignored by courts.). In those cases, yes, there is a huge difference between 10% and 50% of the time. Also, don’t assume that practitioners of the “caring” professions e.g. mental health professionals, physicians, clergy etc. are not abusive. Again, a situation thoroughly ignored by the courts. Sometimes it is necessary to co-parent by text message only and to have honest, age-appropriate discussions with your children about abuse in all its forms so they can protect themselves.

#1 says it all Emma. In my situation it isn’t about a matter of safety though. My ex wife has deemed me as unessential since her Csection when we were married. My opinions were dismissed and all the parenting I eagerly provided, later downplayed in divorce proceedings. Illinois courts had her back, end of story. Now she sits on a hill of power thinking her divisiveness will be upheld by the newly appointed GAL in my first quest to right the wrong bestowed upon my daughter.
One day I truly hope to exhibit all 29 items. For now, I’m in court and it’s very difficult to think anything positive about the ex. I only do what my daughter needs to grow up healthy and happy with the 10 measly days a month I get.
God I hope the GAL does right for my daughter.

I am so sorry to hear of your challenges. Too common. Hang in there – your daughter will know you are fighting for her.

The GAL doesn’t care. You will find out quickly the court system in Illinois is designed to do one thing…take all your money. House bill 4113 was struck down. It would have given parents equal or close to equal parenting time. All the bar associations are against it..takes away their pay. In my case, parental alienation occured while married and continues…no one cares. Psychological manipulation of our child is ongoing…no one cares. I see my child 4 days a month. Decision making is a joke…don’t count on the parenting agreement being enforced if your ex wife violates it…be very aware, if you make one mistake, the court will be all over it. Bias is very common in illinois as mothers are favored over fathers without justification. In my case…if I want to see my child more I must pay more…my ex agrees to nothing…its been that way for years yet the court doesn’t care. Be careful too, I was coerced into signing a parenting agreement I disagreed with. I was told “sign it or you will not get joint custody.” My court costs are well over 100 thousand dollars…I’m a teacher…I’m not a danger…court continues to this day. My ex agrees to nothing. I have friends who gave up trying…the court favors mothers. One friend doesn’t get to see his daughter at all…the court doesn’t support his influence for no reason…he isn’t harmful nor violent. I wish you luck, but you may want to consider leaving your child and starting a family some place else…mine has no financial future…I did a great job putting the children of attorneys to college…mine will struggle…the money is gone. Best interest means you are going to get screwed…that’s what it means in illinois. My daughter is old enough now that she recognizes her mother’s manipulation…our daughter’s psychologist has been well informed…court continues to favor my ex regardless.

Everything is perspective. Myself, and a friend of mine, have court ordered situations in Illinois. We’ve both provided from 3/4 to full financial and physical care of our kids their whole lives. Her ex husband disappeared when their son was an infant for 3 years, came back out of nowhere and was awarded 50/50 custody, despite that he even lives with his mother and works very part time, my friend being an advanced degreed social worker. I’ve provided care for my child alone since pregnancy. My ex hasn’t seen his child in over a year and took me back to court for visitation- he won. Based on the fact I pretty much can’t afford to fight more, because I’m, you know- the parent with responsibilities. Extremely frustrating. My lawyer absolutely did not feel in her experience Illinois unfairly favors a certain parent, especially after witnessing our situations. So clearly our opinions in what courts favor who are based on perspective.

I want to add- because I think this is important: my friend and I both went above and beyond to coparent- STILL do! I’ll never stop that for my son. We make and mail him gifts every birthday and holiday. I have documented email after email begging him to tell me what he needs to be a good dad, and I’ll do my best to help him start building a better path. I want nothing more than to see my kiddo have a FULL TIME Dad. I spend an unhealthy ratio of my income, on our son per month ($1100 month for childcare alone…) and because he chooses to often not work, they still do not enforce child support. He has never had to financially contribute to be a present father. In fact, because I just received a raise, I was told if custody eventually becomes 5050, I could have to pay him support, despite the fact I have to max credit cards to get by monthly- we don’t even have a car.

Most won’t agree but I’m against the grain – always.
It’s all about sitting back- DOCUMENTING EVERYTHING- learning their lifestyle their daily routine how they react. My ex was/is a drug addict, alcoholic, low class, low income by choice, toxic, unhealthy is all scopes human. He never even tried to love our child or protect him or help financially not even once. Luckily my parents are wealthy and I’m physically (not mentality) disabled so they took financial guardianship over us. I delt with lie after lie and had to lawyer up and absolutely be ruthless to cut all ties with that slum. Everyone was shocked that I had ever chose to be with him, after years of therapy I now see he preyed upon me as a child and manipulated me into having his child to try and keep me in his life forever. SICK games. I am a victim of a sick human.
I have been able to keep my son away from him until recently so I make him aware of every detail of his father’s illness so he can see what not to become. My son knows the deep dangers of that family so for now he works to make side money and has kept the relations work related and professional.

It doesn’t seem like you have read any of the advice in these articles. Did you ever put your children first or are you retaliating agains him and using your children as pawns. This is so sad to read, but unfortunately it is tends to be the rule and not the exception when it come to children. Hurt people, hurt people.

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