It is not divorce or separation that harms children — but conflict between parents, no matter if they are married or divorced, studies find.
Penn State University sociology professors studied 2,000 married people and 700 children and concluded that children that had the highest levels of anxiety and depression either had low-conflict parents who divorced or high-conflict parents who remained together.
Thankfully, it is within your control as a separated parent to lower the conflict in your coparenting — even if your ex is a narcissist.
- What is co-parenting?
- What does it mean to co-parent?
- How to co-parent
- Consider a coparenting agreement
- Get a co-parenting app
- Tips for how to co-parent
- How to coparent with a narcissist ex?
- Common co-parenting problems — and how to deal with them
- Fighting with your kids' dad about holiday schedule?
What is coparenting?
The definition of co-parenting is the practice of two parents working together to parent the kids. While married or coupled parents can and should certainly co-parent amicably, and collaboratively, the term is usually used when navigating divorced and separated families where parents live apart.
Ideally, co-parenting moms and dads work together in the raising of children, including big decisions like medical and religious practices, as well as daily routines, discipline, schedules and values.
Coparenting and shared parenting are separate, but closely related terms.
Shared parenting is the term used for time-sharing in the event of separation or divorce in which the kids split the hours and days approximately equally between both parents' homes.
Other terms include shared physical custody, equally shared parenting time, equal co-parenting, and equally shared parenting responsibility.
A full 55 peer-reviewed and published studies on shared parenting find that children fare better when separated, and divorced co-parents share parenting time and decisions approximately equally (courts and academics consider at least 40 percent time with each parent to be considered shared parenting, a.k.a. equal co-parenting).
This is also true for co-parenting in high-conflict situations.
What is the difference between coparenting and joint custody?
Co-parenting can technically describe any parents who work together to collaboratively, and peacefully raise children together.
Joint custody, on the other hand, is a legal term that can describe one of two things:
Joint legal custody means both parents have equal rights to make major decisions that affect their children, including health care, education, religion, and where the kids live.
Joint physical custody refers to equal time sharing, which is also called 50/50 parenting, or equally shared parenting.
While joint physical custody can and should co-parenting, it doesn't always. Parents who cannot communicate well, or have extremely toxic and high-conflict relationships can parallel parent, which means they have a time-sharing arrangement, but each parents in their own way without input from the other parent during their time with the kids.
In a co-parenting relationship, a mother and father (or two dads, or two moms, etc.) are able to mostly overcome their differences and communicate and agree on most matters involving the children.
A co-parenting app like OurFamilyWizard can help. OurFamilyWizard has been used by tens of thousands of families to better communicate, chat, manage a shared calendar and share expenses. Learn more about OurFamilyWizard's military discount, and fee waiver programs now >>
What does it mean to co-parent? What does healthy co-parenting look like?
Ideally, both parents are actively involved in the child's day-to-day life, communicate amicably (though you don't have to be friends to be good co-parents), share the physical, financial, logistical and emotional responsibilities and joys of parenting, and encourage your children to have a warm relationship with the other parent, and their extended family and friends. Co-parenting also requires that the parents communicate respectfully when challenges arise, and work together in the best interest of the child. Co-parenting mothers and fathers should allow each parent to express their own rules and parenting style when spending time with the child.
How to co-parent
Co-parenting definition goes beyond the dictionary, and is understood to be a way of collaborating and communicating with your child's other parent in a way that is fair, peaceful, respectful, and ultimately with your child's physical and emotional wellbeing in mind.
Establish coparenting rules
Specific co-parenting tips for divorced parents are below, but the essence of co-parenting rules include:
- Respect that each co-parent is equal.
- Both parents are equally responsible for the children.
- Appreciate that both parents bring unique qualities, friends and family members to the child's life and development.
- The nature or reason of the parents' breakup or divorce is irrelevant to the co-parenting relationship.
- Each parent's extended families are equally important.
- Both partners can manage their romantic lives as they prefer, without input from the coparent.
Consider a coparenting agreement
If you are divorced, legally separated, or have filed a parenting plan with courts, you likely have a legally binding parenting agreement as part of the proceedings. If you are going through a breakup or divorce now, you may ask your ex, and/or his attorney, for a co-parenting agreement.
In addition, you and your other parent may create a co-parenting agreement at any time. You can do this without attorneys, and may choose to file in the courts, or it can serve as a friendly outline of behaviors, schedules and protocol for raising children together.
This may also be called a custody agreement, parenting plan, or a custody and visitation agreement.
What is a coparenting agreement?
A co-parenting agreement is simply a contract that binds you both to certain items as they pretain to how you will behave towards each other and the children for the sake of raising healthy kids.
You can buy an affordable co-parenting agreement from RocketLawyer, an A+ Better Business Bureau rated online legal platform >>
What is included in a co-parenting agreement?
For purposes of filing for divorce or custody, a court may require the following issues to be agreed upon (or a judge may mandate the following):
- Weekly visitation schedule
- Holiday and summer schedules
- Child support
- Payment of children's health insurance and other medical expenses
- Payment of child care, camp and extracurricular activities
- Keeping each parent informed about medical, education and other important issues
- Restrictions on how far parents can live from one another
- Sharing decisions about religious education
Other items that you may choose to add to a co-parenting agreement can include anything you agree on, including:
- First rights of refusal
- Access to grandparents and other relatives
- Use of a shared calendar and/or a specific co-parenting app
- Protocol for requesting and negotiating schedule changes
- The requirement of responsibility for scheduled visitation time. In other words, a parent cannot simply cancel their scheduled time with a child, but must make appropriate child care arrangements in the event of a schedule change
- Transportation — which parent is responsible for transporting kids from one home to the other
- Communication — number of hours or days each parent has to respond to an email or text
- Communication about parent-teacher conferences
- Time-sharing for birthdays and other life events
- You know what you and your ex fight about or will likely fight about — get it in writing now!
Get a co-parenting app
For co-parenting schedules, expense sharing, and more co-parenting apps can be a handy, low-cost (or free!) way to make co-parenting easy, plus create a document to help resolve any conflict quickly.
Coparenting apps help all parties involved streamline the logistical issues that can create confusion and conflict:
- Create and share a single calendar
- Document cost-sharing
- Keep and share contact and other info (grandparents, pediatrician, and babysitter contacts, medical info) in one convenient place
- Creating systems for changing visits, coordinating extracurriculars, school days off and all the other complications (and joys!) of raising children
- Share all this info with other caregivers like relatives, neighbors, coaches, nannies and babysitters, and the kids themselves!
Top co-parenting apps:
One of the first co-parenting apps, and widely used app, OurFamilyWizard's features include chat, information storage (like pediatrician and teacher contact info, prescriptions, etc.), and financial record-keeping. 30-day free trial. $99/year per parent, with discounts for military families, and a program to provide Our Family Wizard free to low-income families. Each parent can add unlimited numbers of other people for free, including children, grandparents, step and bonus parents, as well as attorneys.
Cozi is a free co-parenting app that is designed for all families — separated or not. Cozi lets up to a dozen people share (and add to) your family’s calendar, which gives an at-a-glance description of your day.
The main Cozi features include a pre-created library of lists — grocery, clothes, school supplies, etc. (or create your own lists), a family journal where you can share photos, keep notes and other info, as well as an appointment reminder. Cozi is 100% free, or upgrade for a no-ad version for $29 per year. Download Cozi now >>
Read our Cozi review.
TakingParents is a co-parenting communications tool that has a free website version, as well as a paid, ad-free version for its TalkingParentsApple and Android apps. The paid versions cost $5.99 to $19.99 per month. Free members can add on a $9.99 payment to download communication records — with certified versions costing $39.99, plus 19 cents per page.
Depending on your needs, TalkingParents may be more expensive than OurFamilyWizard or Fayr.
Fayr is backed by co-parenting advocate Gwyneth Paltrow. Features include co-parent schedule calendar, expense recording, date-stamped messaging, and geo-location pinpointing so you can prove you were on time for parenting exchanges. iTunes rating of 3.8, Google Play rating of 3.5. Fees start at $9.99/month, per parent. No free trial or discounts.
This coparenting app provides messaging, expense documentation, and geo-pinpointing, plus on-demand, live conflict resolution from a team of retired judges, child specialists, mediators and therapists. coParenter has a 3.9 rating in iTunes, and 3.6 in Google Play. $12.99/month.
31 tips for how to co-parent
Whether you can stand the idea of relinquishing control of your children to an ex you dislike, loathe or hate, you likely do not have a choice.
Shared parenting legislation was introduced in more than half of states last year, and as science, media and general common sense infiltrates family court and culture, there has been an incredibly positive movement towards it.
Even if the kids are with you a majority of the time, there is a lot you can do to promote a family culture of equality and harmony.
Working with a therapist (opposed to an expensive lawyer), can help. Online therapists specializing in mediation, divorce, coparenting or couples are a great option for coparents, as the process is very affordable, anonymous, convenient (you connect via video, phone or text), and you don't have to be in the same room as your ex!
How do you have a healthy coparenting relationship? Keep reading …
1. Trust, not control your ex
The big, over-arching theme in successful, harmonious co-parenting is that both partners respect the other to be a safe, decent parent when the other is not around.
If you truly believe that your kids' other parent is unsafe, then you need to take legal action to minimize contact. Otherwise, you are the controlling ex that your co-parent must navigate. Don't be the controlling ex!
Which brings me to the big point about shared parenting: If a parent is deemed safe to be with the kids 10 percent of the time, they are then safe to be with them 30 or 50 or 80 or even 100 percent of the time.
That means that you do not try to control what happens at the other parent's house.
Maybe he is the fun weekend dad, all the time, and you prefer children have structure, chores and downtime.
He is a strict vegan and never allows sugar, carbs or produce grown outside of the county. You think kids need animal protein and the occasional cookie.
You have to let that go.
Do not call all the time to check in on the kids, or chat with them. Do not ask to take the kids more in the name of doing something special with them. Honor that his scheduled time belongs to the kids.
The beauty of successful shared parenting is that once you trust each other and learn to communicate, you are more likely to peacefully negotiate differences for the sake of everyone's best interests.
“My ex and I started to co parent amazingly once I let go of trying to control the situation, let him parent the way he wants to parent, be understanding when he was late, and ignore the clothes never being returned. Once you take the pressure off, the tension eases and you can start to bond and connect better.”
2. Shared parenting is about gender equality
Accept that men and women are equal.
That includes that mothers and fathers are equal parents.
Our culture does not support that idea. Women are told since birth that we are the superior parents, and that our greatest calling is to be a mother.
Men are told that their contribution to family life is as the breadwinner.
Family courts support this culture, by overwhelmingly ruling that mothers have primary custody, and men pay child support.
This model perpetuates gender stereotypes.
By equally sharing parenting responsibilities, and the cost of raising children, you are not only doing what is best for your children, you also model healthy coparenting for others who are watching you, changing our culture, our world, and informing family courts for other families.
Healthy co-parenting is activism. Thank you for your work!
3. Protect the kids after divorce or separation
If things are tense between you, keep the focus of any must-have interaction on the kids.
If you are going through divorce now, consider low-conflict options like mediation, collaborative divorce, or file for divorce yourself online. There are a number of quality divorce apps and programs that will help you file for divorce online.
For a flat fee of $299, CompleteCase provides all the paperwork you need to file for your divorce, as well as detailed instructions for how to file for divorce in your state. Check out CompleteCase now >>
RocketLawyer allows you to buy legal documents including a divorce settlement agreement, and divorce worksheet, for $39.99 each, as well as consulting with an attorney for $49.99 per question. Check out RocketLawyer now >>
4. Even after divorce: coparent as a team
Focus on parenting as a team.
Ask his advice about behavior issues.
Do not allow the kids to pit one of you against the other, and never vie for the position as favorite parent.
As one member of my Millionaire Single Moms Facebook group said:
“In parenting, there is no good-cop / bad-cop. Sometimes we are both the bad cop.”
I'll add: And you both get to be the good cop!
This co-parenting rule includes: Do not ask children to weigh in on adult decisions. This includes time-sharing, resolving any disputes over holiday schedules, or other issues that are for parents. Over-empowering children to make adult decisions in divorced families is the hallmark of parental alienation.
5. Choose carefully words you use for your kids' homes, and their dad
The kids have two homes — use pronouns accordingly.
When communicating with him, use ‘your house' and ‘my house' … not ‘Home,' as in ‘When will you bring the kids home?'
It doesn't matter how much time each parent has with the kids, keep these pronouns neutral.
That goes for the language you use with your kids, too. “Daddy's house” and “mommy's house” — not “your dad's house” and “home.”
Similarly, watch your mouth re: what you call your kids' dad — even when speaking with other people.
From Maggie: “Change your own thinking by reframing what your relationship is with him in your head. ‘My child's other parent,' instead of ‘my ex.'”
6. Have family meetings with your ex
From Erin: “We still occasionally have family meetings. It benefits the kids to see that we are on the same page and then everyone gets everything out at once.”
7. Set up a co parenting calendar
You can do this with Google calendar, or as part of a co-parenting app like Our Family Wizard or Cozi. This can be a life-changing exercise to keep track of visitation schedules, kids' activities, the millions of half-days off school, and to negotiate schedule changes.
8. Consider co-parenting counseling
Similar to family meetings, many parents who live separately find it helpful to meet with an objective, professional third-party to work though co-parenting challenges, as well as everyday parenting woes. Does your kid struggle with anxiety, depression, an eating disorder, social or academic challenges? A lot of narcissism flying around? Is your ex passive-aggressive, toxic, abusive or otherwise uncooperative? A licensed therapist can help.
Online therapy is a great option for coparents. These platforms are anonymous, much lower-cost than in-person counseling, and because you connect via phone, video, text or email, you don't have to be in the same room as your ex! BetterHelp is a popular online therapy site, with an A+ BBB rating, the ability to choose from thousands of licensed, certified counselors, and fees starting at $40/week, for unlimited sessions. 10% off for Wealthy Single Mommy readers, no coupon code required. Financial aid available from BetterHelp. Learn more about online therapy now with BetterHelp >>
9. Consider co-parenting classes
Your family courts system likely offers parenting co-parenting classes for free or an affordable rate.
10. Recognize your own role in conflict
How do you respond when your ex irritates you? Are you always prompt in responding to your kids' other parent? Do you bring up old fights? Try to resolve past hurts? Punish him?
Do you grill your kids about their visit when they return from their other parent's home? Fish around for information about a new boyfriend or girlfriend? Internally, do you compare your new, post-divorce life to your ex's? Measure who is “doing better?”
Do you — even once in a while, passive-aggressively — make negative comments about your kids' mom/dad? Their other grandparents?
The good news is that you are not alone, and you are a normal human.
No co-parent is perfect, and if someone tells you that they are not guilty of at least a few transgressions, they are liars / in total denial.
The other good news is that you can heal the past wounds that have led you here. In fact, take these co-parenting mistakes as an opportunity to recognize where you may have room to grow.
You may be surprised to find that when you focus on your own part of any co-parenting conflict, the whole relationship changes. This may include changing your own behavior, as well as setting stronger boundaries and not accepting the other person's poor behavior.
You are powerful!
11. Keep coparenting communication open and frequent
Routinely involve him in decisions about the kids' child care, school, health, activities — even if he doesn't attend events and appointments, or pretend to care. Just share anyway.
Respond to his or her text right away. If you don't have the answer to a question, still respond to confirm you received the request, and tell them when they can expect an answer.
Also: Include in any coparenting agreement a time limit for responding to schedule change requests and other communication, be it 24 or 72 hours. Include in the agreement that if there is no response, the requesting party will assume an affirmative response.
For example, if Jessica asks Omar if he will swap weekends, he will have 48 hours (or whatever their agreement states) to respond. If Omar does not respond, Jessica can safely assume that she is free to change the visitation schedule on the coparenting app or shared Google calendar.
12. Set co parenting boundaries with your ex
IGNORE when he gets pissy.
DO NOT ENGAGE.
“It took me a while to release the angry texting habit I adopted once he moved out, criticizing him every time he was late, or his stories sounded fishy about a plan change.
Now I say to myself: ‘And that is why I divorced him,' and breathe an actual sigh of relief.
I text ‘OK thanks,' like a robot and get on with my life.”
Our Family Wizard co-parenting app has a ToneMeter that flags any inflammatory words or phrases that you type — so you can delete before you send!
13. Invite your ex to birthday parties
Invite him to birthday or graduation parties you throw for the kids.
You can also ask him to participate in the planning, to bring the cake or otherwise be involved.
14. Stay involved with your ex-in-laws
Stay connected to his family and friends.
Send them holiday cards and invite them to school, sports and birthday events.
Better yet, in the case of a dispute, just let him take the kids for the holiday.
15. Tell your kids happy stories about their dad
Share positive stories about the other parent with the kids.
Tell them about how you met, or trips you took, or positive qualities about their dad.
This communicates to your children something positive about a person they love, and reconditions you to think differently, and better about your ex.
This shift will infiltrate your energy, vibration, and interaction with him.
When she was 4, my daughter was obsessed with family stories. “Mommy, tell me a story about when I was a baby,” she'll ask, and I'd tell her about how once, as a sleeping infant, her laugh broke the pin-drop silence of one of New York Public Library's reading rooms, eliciting a symphony of chuckles. “Tell me a story about when you were a little girl,” she'd say. And I tell her about being 5 and cutting the acres of lawn on my grandparents' farm with a riding mower.
I could see her putting together the pieces of my history, the family history, and how the elements come together to help her understand herself.
Then she took it up a notch: “Mommy, tell me a story about you and daddy before you were married.”
I took a deep breath. I spend a lot of energy on not being bitter about things. I pay attention to where I put my energy — I don't want to be one of those women still grumbling about some argument with their ex, 30 years after the fact. Sometimes I worry I swing too far in the opposite direction and tuck away memories altogether, afraid that should I pull one — even a funny or sweet or tender one — all the bad ones will come bursting out in a flood of emotion.
But there are so, so many good memories. And I want my children to know those stories because they are also their stories. But more than that, I want them to have a sense of the love that brought their dad and me together, because that is also their love.
And so I told Helena about a road trip her dad and I took when we were dating. We drove from Phoenix to San Diego and on the way home decided it would be fun to play Name That Tune. The key was each of was to whistle a song, and the other would guess. The catch was that I can't whistle. I've heard there is a genetic defect that makes this so, and I don't know, but no whistling Dixie for me.
But that didn't stop us, and so for most of the six-hour drive, we took turns whistling Madonna's “Like a Prayer” or David Gray's “The Other Side” or Ray Charles's “I've Gotta Woman” and when it was my turn Emmanuel would listen very, verrrry carefully and try to guess as I earnestly huffed out a hollow whisper of a melody until we couldn't take it anymore and would burst out laughing. And then we would start again.
Helena totally understood the hilarity of the story, and teased me about not being able to whistle (incidentally, she learned when she was 2). Then she sat back on the sofa with a satisfied look on her face, and I knew that she really got it — the whole big story is really about her, and that that story is indeed full of love.
Be inspired by coparenting quotes and stories
Here is an essay I wrote before I became a mom about my kids' dad and I, I and I shared it with my children:
Shortly after I started dating my husband, a colleague forwarded around one of those jokey emails to women in the office. The subject: “The morning after: Reason No. 249 why you shouldn’t drink so much.” In the email was a photo of the backside of a naked man, curled into a semi-fetal position, innocently asleep in a mussed up bed.
He was hairy as hell – covered from the nape of his neck to his ankles. That was the extent of the joke.
My boyfriend, I thought, could beat this guy in a follicle count, hands down. “Too bad women everywhere are laughing at this poor guy,” I said to myself. “Too bad for the women.”
While the covers of many men’s magazines are graced by slick-chested bucks with glistening biceps designed to make women swoon, I savor the virile-yet-cuddly nature of my Mediterranean husband’s equally buff body, which happens to be totally encased in a healthy coat of fur.
I love my husband’s body hair. I love that it is soft. I love that it is a little bit rough. I love that it is the epitome of masculine. I love running my fingers through it and nuzzling my nose in it. I love the look of it.
It really is tragic that more women a) don’t also love hairy men; and b) that those who do are not encouraged to express it. After all, in single circles, women often cite hairy backs as a reason for dismissal, akin to living with one’s mother or wearing a high school class ring. In The 40 Year Old Virgin, Steve Carell’s character is persuaded that he can get laid only after he rids himself of his luxurious chest sweater. While watching Carell scream a shrill “Como se llama!!” as chunks of black wool are waxed from his pink flesh, I couldn’t help but pity the many fuzzy men who are subjected to the nation’s bigotry against the hairy.
It’s interesting that women spend so much time and money ridding their own bodies of hair in an effort to purge themselves of anything masculine. And yet we persecute men whose bodies flaunt their Y chromosome.
After all, being hairy is like being bald: there isn’t a thing you can do about it. And if you do try to do a lot with it, there’s a good chance you’ll do something ridiculous (like shave, wax or Nair some unspeakable body part, swim with your shirt on, or, worst of all, let shame drive you to become a 40-year-old virgin). Instead, a man who can conquer the world despite possessing a physical characteristic that is widely accepted as ugly has a certain inner strength, a certain charm, and a definite sex appeal. And if he can laugh at the bush that is his body, all the better.
Not long after my colleague emailed around the hairy-man warning, I was examining Emmanuel’s hands. They are strong, with appropriately trimmed nails and a slick of mane on each finger. “Why does your knuckle hair grow sideways?” I asked. “They’re comb-overs for my bald spots,” he said. Since then, we’ve taken to exploring the unusual Moon Pie-sized swirls his body whiskers form on the sides of his torso, jawline and elbows.
He calls them crop circles and I pretend my finger is getting sucked into them like a whirlpool. Lying in bed one morning, I asked him how he gets the hairs out of his nose. “I coax them out with treats,” he said. Instead of hiding behind his hair or, worse, being shamed by it, my man’s turned his hirsute nature into a source of self-deprecating humor that I find sexy as hell.
And then there is the part of him that is beat down by body-hair hate. I appreciate his vulnerability as I listen to his childhood woes of playing pickup shirts–and-skins basketball and peeling off his jersey only to have one of the guys snark, “We said skins.” Or overhearing his junior-high crush trash talk another guy with a hairy back. Or how he enjoys sunbathing only on the beach in Greece, where he can relax among the other shaggy dudes.
Of course, being the wife of a hairy guy is not all snuggles and testosterone. There are the furballs that drift menacingly across our apartment’s wood floors. I buy more Drano than permitted by the EPA. Short and curlies wind up in most salads I make. Recently I was at Crate and Barrel, and became enchanted by a white shag rug. Then I thought: ”How am I going to keep this clean?” There was no sale.
But such hassles are the price you pay to enjoy the company of a hairy man. I sometimes wonder if I really do love the hair—or do I just love Emmanuel, and have learned to love the things that go along with him? After all, it’s not like he is overweight or wears Old Spice or has white-guy dreadlocks. Maybe along the way I just passively accepted it as part of the package?
Once in a while I imagine what it would be like to be with a guy with a smooth, hair-free back. In my mind it’s as pudgy and clammy as a fetal pig. So maybe there is something to that hair. Not only is that web of fuzz the lense through which I came to see, know and love Emmanuel, it’s also a bonus point, a toy at the bottom of your favorite box of cereal, or realizing that the funky mold growing on a lovely cheese actually makes it all the more delicious.
Originally published 2013.
16. Cooperate with your ex on holidays
Buy him a holiday and birthday gift on behalf of the kids. Be generous with the holiday coparenting schedule.
17. Support your ex's new girlfriend or wife
Be positive about any romantic partners in his life — both to the kids and to him.
It doesn't matter if you like your kids' new stepmom or whether she was the affair partner.
18. Respect your co-parent
When he makes a suggestion or request about parenting, listen and follow it unless you actually really object.
19. Support your kids' dad's parenting
Think about what you can do to help the other parent win at parenting.
These might include daily reminders, scheduling and planning emails, or follow-up phone calls.
Do it from a place of love and unity, and without being condescending!
However, this can be a fine line. If your other parent over-depends on you, establish those boundaries, inform your co-parent of what you are willing to do, and not do, and then stick to your word.
20. Let him fail.
There is a fine line between being supportive and co-dependent.
Ultimately, he is responsible for being the best father he can.
I have heard moms say they schedule fun activities for their kids' dad to do with “because I love my kids and want them to have fun weekends.”
That is actually controlling and co-dependent and doesn't work in a coparenting relationship.
21. Celebrate the kids with him
Share the kids' successes with him: Screenshot good grades on homework or cute craft projects and send him, send pics or videos from sports events he misses – and not in a passive-aggressive way to punish him for not being there.
22. Say yes more than you say no (if you can)
Say ‘yes' as very often as you possibly can when he asks for flexibility in the schedule.
23. Please and thank you
Thank him when he is flexible with you, no matter how much more of the work you know you do.
24. Don't keep score of stuff
Let go of the, ‘I bought those clothes so they stay at my house.'
If you're running short on certain items, just ask that enough be returned when you are running low, and pay back that favor.
25. Let the kids see you speaking well of one another — to one another
Give him a compliment. Do it in front of the kids.
It is so important for your kids to hear nice things about YOU — if your ex is not the person, find someone who is:
In the past few weeks I had really sweet experiences with friends' paying lovely compliments to me via my kids.
Like last night when my neighbors came for dinner with their new baby, and over stew and winter salad Helena complained how her mom (that would be me) yelled at her in the mornings. “Well,” my friend said. “When I see how bright and funny and well-behaved you and your brother are, I think what a great mom you and Lucas have.” Which shut my kid up real quick-like.
Or a few weeks ago, my oldest friend Amanda visited from St. Louis. While she, the kids and I ate banana apple muffins in the living room on Saturday morning, Amanda told my daughter what a great mom she has, how she has an interesting career and takes them on cool trips and some other stuff I forget because I was just so touched and grateful for her friendship, but also that there was someone other than me pointing out my finer points to my kids. Marketing experts know that promotion is far more powerful when coming from a credible third party — in this case, someone who is not naggingly demanding respect and gratitude all the live-long day (that would be me).
Which brings up a big question for single moms: For all you do for your kids, who do you have in your life to point out those things to your kid? In a perfect world, each of us might have a spouse or partner who genuinely adores you, and organically displays that adoration through myriad words and gestures. In the absence of such a partner, who puts into perspective for your kids what a great cook, or hard worker, or loving parent you are?
Often, I feel like my kid's don't appreciate me as much as I think they should (what can I say, I have an ego — it needs stroking from those I love most!). But then I realize that they are listening all the time. I hear Helena telling her friends: “My mom is a VERY GOOD writer! And she has a radio show and is on TV!” I realize that she listens when my friends come over and we talk business, and she pays attention when I tell her about my day.
And Lucas goes beyond in his over-exaggerated way to be positive, will say: “Mommy, those muffins are looking GOOD!” or “Thank you for making movie night.” Maybe it his naturally sunny disposition, or my nightly drilling of gratitude practices or constant “What do you say …?” (Acceptable answers: a) Please, b) Thank-you). Or maybe I have nagged my kid into a gratitude stupor that extends to his mother.
26. Careful with your new boyfriend on social media
Refrain from posting social media pics of your new boyfriend with the kids, with the exception of when everyone is really getting along awesome and it truly is NBD.
Otherwise, that is not only counter-productive for co-parenting, but it is mean and targets his manhood on the most primal level.
27. Move on after divorce
Co-parenting advice from single mom Laura: “Change your own mindset about the past/divorce/your heartache.”
LET IT GO.
You are coparents now, and it doesn’t matter how you got here, or whose fault it is. He’s your coparent and children’s dad first, opposed to focusing on the fact he is your ex.
His girlfriend or new wife is just that, not his mistress/affair partner. Learn to respect their relationship, even if you don't like it, or it still hurts.
Staying in a positive mindset about the now is critical for healthy coparenting.
28. Always always be the bigger person.
When you feel the rage coming on, STOP.
It’s not about you.
Save your energy for the battles that really matter in the long-term.
29. Accept that you don't have to force the relationship.
You may not want to spend the holidays together or sit on the same bleachers at the kids' volleyball match.
That is OK.
30. Be patient.
Take it from me: people change and grow and forgive and mellow.
Over time, handoffs at the police station can cease and be replaced by shared holiday meals.
Explosive texting can stop and words of support and encouragement can reign. Life is long.
Having a hard time letting old stuff go? My quick tip for forgiving your ex:
How to coparent with a narcissist ex?
Maybe he or she has been diagnosed with narcissistic personality disorder, or perhaps they have a more-than-normal dose of narcissism. Either way, you are stuck co-parenting with your kids' other parent, and it is possible.
Perhaps you have to resign yourself to parallel parenting, in which you do not interact much at all, but instead allow each other to parent as you see fit when the child is in each of your care.
Or you learn to ‘grey rock' your ex — not react to any inflammatory texts, calls or messages sent through the kids. Co-parenting couples therapy can help.
Rebecca Zung is a Los Angeles divorce attorney whose 4-hour course How to Negotiate with a Narcissist will teach you:
- What manipulation tactics to expect from a narcissist in a divorce and how to shut them down
- How to develop a winning, foolproof strategy to drive the outcome you want
- How to create strong leverage which will motivate and incentivize the narcissist to want to resolve your issues
- How to anticipate what the narcissist will do and be two steps ahead of them at all times
- How to focus on you, building your strong case, your confidence level, and how to develop a victorious mindset
- Membership in NarcSlayers© Facebook group — your built-in support group
- Communication Section with actual scripts you can use to respond to emails and texts, and what to say to the narcissist to disarm them,
- 50 Key Phrases to Disarm the Narcissist
- Questions for Vetting a Lawyer When Dealing with a Narcissist
- Outline and workbook to help you stay on track and follow throughout the course so you don’t miss any steps.
Common coparenting problems — and how to deal with them
My ex cancels all the time
When parents do not show up for visits, or are late often, is uncool at best, but really abusive. Failure to adhere to a visitation schedule expresses to the children that they are not important, and disrespects the other parent's time, and causes stress, chaos and breaks down any trust — for both the coparent, and kids.
My ex is trying to prevent me from introducing my boyfriend to the kids,
or: I'm upset my kids' dad introduced them to his new girlfriend right away.
Sorry this is upsetting, but everyone is an adult and entitled to their own romantic lives — including deciding when to incorporate a new person into their home life.
Aren't women naturally better parents?
No. Science proves kids need both parents equally.
How to co-parent with an abuser
If there is a history of domestic violence, you likely have an order of protection, drop-offs and pickups at public places, as well as supervised visits for the children. This is a difficult situation, and it may not get better. Using a co-parenting app can help (especially if it is court-mandated) because any text communication is documented and can be submitted to the court or authorities.
How to co-parent with a passive-aggressive, toxic, controlling ex
If your child's mother or father is very difficult, uncooperative, or otherwise a pain in the ass, stick to the advice above, and keep in mind:
- They likely won't change
- Accept your part of the relationship. How do you respond to nasty messages or manipulative behavior?
- Practice the “grey rock” method, and do not respond to any aggressive behavior. Do not give your coparent the satisfaction of seeing you get mad or defensive. Do a lot of ignoring.
- Heal yourself. The relationship was likely hurtful. Heal from that hurt. Forgive (hard as it is!). Surround yourself and your kids with positive, healthy people. Recondition yourself to expect and express joy and cooperation.
How to coparent with an alcoholic
Millions of parents are addicts, and it is very hard to trust that a parent who abuses alcohol, illegal drugs, marijuana, prescription drugs — not to mention sex, food, gambling, and drama!
If your ex is actively using, you likely have supervised visits. If you do not, and you have not been successful in securing a limited visitation schedule through the courts, is there a way to coordinate visits with a family member, friend or leader in your religious community to keep the kids safe?
Seek professional support, but keep this advice in mind:
- Support their recovery efforts.
- Recognize and work on any codependency on your part. Al-anon.
- If you have an amicable relationship, create an agreement that addresses restrictions on driving, increased communication between you and the addicted parent, and repercussions if they use when they are with the children. This Psychology Today article gives good advice on co-parenting with an addict
How to co-parent with someone you hate
My post-divorce road with my ex has been rocky. We’re six years into this co-parenting business, and we’re far from hitting a permanent groove. In the early days, aside from screaming matches in front of the kids and neighbors alike, there were in fact calls to police and a restraining order. Weeks would go by without seeing him, and last-minute cancellations were commonplace.
Whatever nasty thing you can imagine saying to another person were in fact said. I’m guilty.
It seems inconceivable that our relationship would be anything other than an East Coast version of Pamela Anderson and Tommy Lee, minus the fake tits, drugs and millions of dollars.
Every day I hear from people in the midst of coparenting hell: Dads who check out, moms who block visitation, parents who cancel visits while the kids are waiting by the door, parents who call police when the other is one minute past the court-ordered time, screaming matches and one or the other spending nights in jail — for no good reason.
Fast-forward to today, and my ex and I hardly have it figured all out, and ups-and-downs ensue. What I could not have imagined has come to pass: More or less regular visits and smooth communication. Spontaneous meals together with the kids, whether at my place or restaurants. Rides shared in one or the other’s Subaru to soccer games. Gifts exchanged on behalf of the kids to the other parent on birthdays and holidays. Chit chats and the occasional hug after a big argument or birthday party co-hosted successfully at the local bowling alley.
As I told him recently in a co-parenting counseling session: I love him. I’ve known him for more than 15 years and have two kids with him. He’s a good person. I’m a good person. We both love the kids. At some point everything more or less calmed down, the divorce was finalized and life moved forward. Battles picked. The immediate trauma of divorce subsided.
I wish I could say we are perfectly civilized like the lovely Brandie Weikle, my friend who heads the excellent blog and podcast TheNewFamily.com, and who lives next door to her ex and his new wife, and are the shining model for what a healthy coparenting relationship can look like — but that would be a lie (though we did discuss vacationing together — until we got into a fight about it, but nevermind.)
Instead, I am here to tell you that it can get better. That one day while you’re both at the soccer game expecting the usual arctic glacier to stand between you on either side of the sidelines, you will find that you need help passing out rice crispy treats for the team in order to make it to the team manager meeting for your other kid across the park. And you will say, ‘Hey, can you handle this for me?’ and he will be so glad to thaw the boreal tension that he will chirp, ‘Sure!’ and suddenly there is a bit of a rapport, a hint of cozy relations that suggest the potential for more of good vibes and less of teeth-grinding hostility, and it feels good.
It feels good to you, and it feels good to him, too. And after a while you forget why you were so freaking angry at him all the time, because being angry just sucks and being nice and getting along is so much better. Even if it isn’t fair or logical, you let go. You forgive. He forgives. You see this has been hard for him, too. You see that he does love the kids, and that is a lot. You offer him a ride home. He offers to help you replace your windshield wiper blade.
You get on with it. Steel yourself not for friendship or even a sense of family. At least not yet. Instead, you open yourself to a relationship that you have not yet defined, but will explore. And everything is better.
That, I want you to know — need you to know — is possible.
Fighting with your kids' dad about holiday schedule? Do this …
Recommended co-parenting books and movies
Recommended shared parenting documentary: Divorce Corp
Blend, The Secret to Co-Parenting and Creating a Balanced Family, By Mashonda Tifrere
Co-parenting with a Toxic Ex: What to Do When Your Ex-Spouse Tries to Turn the Kids Against You, By by Amy J. L. Baker, PhD and Paul R Fine, LCSW
Divorce Poison: How to Protect Your Family from Bad-mouthing and Brainwashing, By Dr. Richard A. Warshak
Be inspired by some coparenting memes
Wealthysinglemommy.com founder Emma Johnson is an award-winning business journalist, activist and author. A former Associated Press reporter and MSN Money columnist, Emma has appeared on CNBC, New York Times, Wall Street Journal, NPR, TIME, The Doctors, MONEY, O, The Oprah Magazine. Winner of Parents magazine’s “Best of the Web” and a New York Observer “Most Eligible New Yorker,” her #1 bestseller, The Kickass Single Mom (Penguin), was a New York Post Must Read. A popular speaker, Emma presented at the United Nations Summit for Gender Equality. Emma's Top Single Mom Resources.