Why alimony hurts gender equality

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I blindly grew up and into my 30s assuming the standard-issue feminist party line:

Women's work is uncompensated and undervalued. When women become stay-at-home mothers, that benefits men's careers, and when the marriage ends, she should be compensated for that lost earning potential. Both partners' lifestyles should be the same when the marriage ends!

Then, I watched my friend get divorced, and face alimony.

He had a high-earning career, and after spending her 20s in low-paid retail jobs, his wife stayed home full-time until the kids were in high school, then worked part-time retail, tried to start a couple of craft businesses that went nowhere, and then started sleeping with her massage therapist.

When they divorced, this couple stayed on mostly friendly terms and would get together with the kids, who were by then in college.

His career continued on while she struggled bitterly. Since they broke up in the middle of the housing and stock market bust, there weren't many assets to divide.

The kids were out of the house, so there was no child support. When they split, he had been laid off and was unemployed, so there was no alimony.

She went from a very comfortable life as a suburban housewife, to struggling very hard to get by, living in a shared apartment.

At the time, I was incredulous about this. He should support her, I screamed in my head. Her lifestyle is so compromised compared with his.

Today, I recognize alimony as a dated, sexist construct that has grown out of its intended purpose, and only holds back women and gender equality back.

In this post, I outline:

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First, some basics on why and how stay-at-home motherhood hurts gender equality:

When I push back against the stay-at-home mom fantasy — the myth that children fare better when mothers do not work, and that this lifestyle benefits anyone at all — I am often met with: “What do you care? We should respect all women's choices in the spirit of sisterhood!”

Wrong.

When women chose to stay home full-time, abandon career and earning, in the name of better mothering, or commitment to family, we all lose, most especially women.

Your choices affect me, and my choices affect you.

None of us live on an island. This is community and society and we are all intertwined. Choices matter, and when you make choices that hurt gender equality, I am hurt by that. All women, children and men are hurt by that. I am responsible to you, and vice versa.

I get the challenges. I appreciate very much that childcare is prohibitively expensive. I recoil at the fact that the United States has some of the worst maternal leave, child care, and health care policies when it comes to working parents. I work very hard in both my personal and professional lives to change that. I also understand very much the incredible social pressure to stay at home full time with children. This pressure is rooted in the misconception (some of the numerous relevant studies cited below) that this is what is best for children. I meet many women who make the decision to fully abandon their earning power and become dependent on husbands with genuine belief that this is what is good for their families. Many others leave the workforce because child care costs make employment unaffordable.

The United States needs vast policy change.

But votes and calls to legislators are not enough.

Each of us is called to make choices for our lives and families that aim for the greater good — including equality for all people. The more educated you are, the more money, access, privilege you have, the more responsibility you have to others to live a life that pushes the envelope for positive change in the world.

That includes working for money.

13 ways gender equality is hurt because women choose not to work

1. You model a stereotypical female roles, which informs your children, spouse, friends and neighbors

If you, woman, are home, your children equate housekeeping, child care and other unpaid ‘women's work' with women. They see their father, a man, earn in the world. That informs their ideas about gender and what is expected of women and men. That is why Harvard professor Kathleen McGinn found, in her study of 34,000 people across 24 countries, that girls raised by mothers who worked outside the home for pay, achieved more academically and grew up to be women who achieved more professionally and financially than their peers who had stay-at-home moms. Boys raised by working moms were more caring for children and older people living in the home than their SAHM peers, and grew up to be men who were the same — all while achieving as much academically and professionally as those raised by SAHMs. In short: kids grow up to be what they see.

2. Stay-at-home moms influence sexism in workplaces

Men — especially the white variety — still very much control corporate and government policy, and are far more likely to advocate for policy that supports working parents if they themselves share in family responsibility because their wives work, too. Researchers at Harvard, NYU and University of Utah found:

“Employed husbands in traditional marriages, compared to those in modern marriages, tend to (a) view the presence of women in the workplace unfavorably, (b) perceive that organizations with higher numbers of female employees are operating less smoothly, (c) find organizations with female leaders as relatively unattractive, and (d) deny, more frequently, qualified female employees opportunities for promotion.”

3. Stay-at-home moms hurt the economy

When you do not participate in the labor force, the world misses out on your unique talents

Recent headlines such as “Closing the gender gap could grow the economy by $2.1 trillion” (CNN) scream that the best way to grow the economy is to better engage women in the professional world. You consumed educational resources that were designed for the benefit of all of society. You worked hard to earn positions, raises or build a business. When you drop out for any significant period, all those collective skills and network are paused — or tossed out. That is a brain drain that we, as a society and world, cannot afford to lose.

4. The choice to stay home with children hurts the hiring and promotion of other women

Your departure from the workforce discourages managers and companies from hiring, training and promoting women since it sets the precedence that women of a certain age will just drop out indefinitely to have babies. Read: “Motherhood Penalty Affects Women Who Never Have a Child” (NBC).

5. Staying home with kids means you abandon the women who stay and fight for equality

My friend Maria, a divorced mom, has fought her way into an executive position at the male-dominated accounting industry where she's worked for 22 years. She told me: “Every time a woman in my company drops out to stay home and ‘be a mom,' I want to scream. I think, ‘I and every other woman in this big company need you to be here in these meetings and fight for them.' I feel let down and, frankly, abandoned. They left me here to fight alone.”

6. Stay-at-home moms shame working moms

Culturally, Americans believe children need stay-at-home moms. Pew found that 60 percent of Americans believe it is best for kids when a parent is home full-time, and a full 40 percent of Americans say that children are harmed (!) when mothers work outside the home. A full 70 percent of U.S. mothers work, and the majority of those who do not would like to work, but do not because child care is so prohibitive, studies find. The majority of moms who work do so because they need to eat, and their children need to eat — not because it is a lifestyle choice. In other words,

When women say, “I don't want to go back to work because I love my children,” that means, “I love my children more than you do. I am a better mom.” We all love our children. Here a very important fact you need to hear right now:

The University of Maryland’s very important meta-study, “How Does the Amount of Time Mothers Spend with Children Matter?” found that for children ages 2 to 11, it makes no difference the number of hours a mother spends with her when it comes to the child’s academic or psychological success.

7. Stay-home moms perpetuate the myth that motherhood is enough to fulfill us

Instead, here are studies that show that mothers who work are happier and healthier, and less sad and angry, than their peers who work for pay. This is old news. Betty Friedan's 1963 blockbuster The Feminine Mystique established this five decades ago. We are having the exact emotion vs fact debate today. Let's move this conversation forward.

8. Stay-at-home moms are more prone to poverty

Whether you stay married for the rest of your life, divorce, or your spouse passes away before you do (statistically likely), you are more likely to be poor. A financial plan in which an entire family is dependent on one income is simply bad planning. After all, you know you should buy life insurance in the unlikely event that you or your partner dies. The chances of that happening are far, far lower than divorce, disability, illness or unemployment — all situations in which a second career could mean the difference between staying in your home or living out of your car. The fewer women living in poverty means good things for all women — and members of the world.

[You cannot afford to be a stay-at-home mom — and flexible careers that help you have it all]

9. Women who do not work are less likely to be involved in family finances

Knowing everything about your household finances is critical in the event that you divorce, or otherwise are forced to manage the money in the absence of your spouse (he becomes disabled, unemployed, dies, is incarcerated or any other horrible things that happen every single day). One study found that women's involvement in household finances is directly proportionate to their contribution to family income. In other words, the more a woman contributes to the family finances, the more involved she is with managing them.

The more involved a woman is with managing money, the more security she and her whole family have. this contributes to making wiser, empowered decisions, and being safe in every sense of the word.

10. Women who do not earn their own money are more likely to suffer domestic violence

A full THIRD of U.S. women will be abuse victims at the hands of an intimate partner, and in 99 percent of those cases, financial abuse is part of the equation. You are in physical, emotional and sexual danger when you do not have your own money.

11. When you divorce, stay-at-home wives and moms are screwed

You have the same ~50 percent chance as the rest of us (though some studies suggest the divorce rate is higher in marriages when one spouse is financially dependent on the other) . Alimony reform is underway in every state, and while you may get short-term maintenance (think about that term: a man who you are no longer involved with is forced to maintain you), you are now expected to earn a living. Statistically women wind up poorer after divorce than men — typically because we have less earning power to start with. Take away any recent work experience, you are s-c-r-e-w-e-d.

The challenges for divorced women with no recent work history run deep. Want to keep your house in your name? Without two years work history, you can't get a mortgage. You also likely can't get a car loan or credit card with a decent interest rate. In short: the pay gap, wealth gap and women's choices overall plummet without earning power.

12. When women stop working, you have far fewer choices, and we all lose.

According to the Institute for Women’s Policy Research, a woman’s earnings drop 30 percent after being out of the workforce for two to three years.

This calculator created by the Center for American Progress projects the potential impact to a woman’s lifetime earnings when she takes a break mid-career. A 26-year-old woman earning $50,000 per year stands to lose more than $800,000 in wages, raises and retirement benefits over her lifetime when she steps off the career path for just five years. You also can't get a decent car loan or credit card or mortgage.

13. SAHMs' post-divorce / separation life is tumultuous

When you are in financial straits post-divorce/separation, you are understandably afraid, and acting in fear leads to bad decisions and poor behavior. Any family attorney or divorce court judge will tell you that terrified women and angry men then spend a lot of very contentious time and lots of money with lawyers and judges arguing over money. This conflict bleeds deeply into your co-parenting. It is impossible to share parenting time and decisions in a healthy way if you are duking it out in court. Your children suffer the most. These are the same children who were supposed to benefit from the countless hours you spent with them at home.

As a citizen, I am affected because courts are jammed up with petty arguing over custody and alimony, while actual abuse and neglect cases are marginalized. As a society, we all suffer, because statistically, when men are marginalized in custody cases — and they are in 80 percent of cases that go to court, in favor of giving mothers primary custody, despite 55 reviewed studies that prove that equally shared time with kids is best for children, once again following in those gender-stereotype  — they tend to drop out of kids' lives all together. This is good for no one. Not you, not me, not the kids, dads or penal systems, which are full of kids who did not grow up with involved dads. Ladies, be part of the solution.

[Going through a breakup now? What to ask for in a divorce … ]

How to raise girls who are independent and strong

I keep hearing the same story again and again from professionally successful women. Variations on:

My grandma told me: “Always have your own money.”

It could be a mother, aunt, neighbor, Girl Scout leader, teacher, cousin, mentor or favorite coach.

What to teach girls about money

An older, respected woman looked her straight in the eye, and in her own but direct way said:

  • “Do not ever depend on a man financially.”
  • “Money is power, and never, ever give up that power.”
  • “You are powerful. Never chose to give up that power.”
  • “You are responsible for your own life.”
  • “You are not a victim.”
  • “I believe in you.”

Many of the women who tell me these stories are in their 40s, 50s and older, and their champions were women of a generation or two more senior than that. This is important because it is clear that women found ways to be financially independent — whether through work, or even squirreling away cash in their own name or shoebox in the back of a closet — even if they had but a fraction of the economic and career opportunity you and I enjoy.

They got it. And they made sure that the women who came after them got it, too.

Somehow, we have not collectively gotten it. By ‘it,' I mean the giant, enormous pressure for women to be stay-at-home moms and abandon their financial power, and therefore, their autonomy as adults.

[How to teach kids about money — at any age]

The simple truth about the gender pay gap

There is a lot of pressure on women in the workforce to forsake their economic power en lieu of family.

Pew found that an astonishing 40 percent of Americans believe that children suffer when their mother works outside of the home. And study after study finds that the 21% gender paygap is a result not of rich white men in C-suits keeping competent women down, but rather women choosing to compromise their careers to care for loved ones. This pressure is so great that women who actually earn a living, falsely label themselves “stay-at-home moms.”

A recent project between my friend time management expert Laura Vanderkam and Redbook magazine found that 62% of described stay-at-home moms contributed to their household income, including 25% who run businesses. I know a blogger who earns $80,000 per year and calls herself a stay-at-home mom — a disconnect that is both common destructive, since it perpetuates the economically oppressive pressure to abandon our livelihoods and lives for our children and husbands.

Meanwhile, all research confirms: It makes zero difference how much time a parent spends with a kid after age 2, and the greatest indicators of a child's future wellbeing is her mother's education and income level.

Let us not forget: Working mothers are far less prone to depression and anxiety, and divorce rates are 50% higher for families in which one spouse does not work.

In other words: We glamorize stay-at-home moms, when science proves again and again that everyone is happier, healthier and more financially secure when both parents work.

After all: Divorce rates have been more or less steady at 50% for 40 years. The other 50% of couples? Unemployment, disability, death and other catastrophes mean a one-career family is a precarious financially agreement indeed. And when these families do divorce or separate, the new paradigm is likely to be very sexist indeed, with the mom having primary care of the kids, and being financially dependent on her ex's child support and/or alimony payments. Which is why I wrote this guide on how to divorce like a feminist.

Listen to my podcast episode on this topic:

Breaking the cycle of the wage gap

So this is what you will do to make sure we break this cycle of women sabotaging their own wellbeing, and that of their children, marriage and for women and society overall:

You will identify a girl. Maybe it is your daughter, or granddaughter. Niece, student, mentee or neighbor. She might be 6 or 16 or a young woman of 26. You will tell her with zero nuance or caveat:

Always have your own money. 

Never give up your ability to earn.

You are not an adult if you chose to be financially dependent on another person. 

In my research, I have found it only takes telling a young person this critical message one time. The message taps into such a primal, visceral need for freedom, power and independence, even very young girls understand it intuitively.

But do not tell her just one time. Tell her again and again. Like you make sure your child knows to be kind, and say thank you and not to chew with her mouth open. Just as you make sure that young people know how to swim and must eat vegetables, this is a non-negotiable.

Knowing this shapes the life decisions you make

Because when a child is raised to reap the magnificent bounty that is the education, professional, political and financial equality that women in this country in the 21st century enjoy, and understand that she will never, ever chart her own course in this world until she embraces it as her duty to exercise it in its fullest, you set her on a certain course. On the right course. It is a course that affects every single vertical of her life:

  • The choices she makes in where she attends college, and how she will pay for it (because when you are wise about your education and related finances, and do not assume that a man will take care of you and your debt eventually, you make better choices).
  • The career path she pursues.
  • The relationships she forges with friends and colleagues (because these are the spine of her entire life).
  • The money she does and does not spend on fun.
  • The money she does and does not invest.
  • The partner she selects (or rejects).
  • The children she choses to have (or not).
  • The age she chooses to become a mother.
  • The way she sees herself in the world, the value she brings to her partner, her children, friends, and the world around her. 

By saying: “Always have your own money,” to a girl you are saying:

“You are powerful. And I believe that you will never, ever give up that power.”

She gets it. She will thank you. And women everywhere, forever, will thank you.

Did an older woman inspire you to always have your own money? Share your important story in the comments.

What is alimony?

Alimony is an ongoing sum of money that one ex-spouse pays to the other ex-spouse after a marriage ends in divorce. Alimony can be referred to as spousal support, and maintenance, as in “ensuring that the woman is maintained in a lifestyle to which she is accustomed.”

Alimony is not child support. Alimony only applies when a couple has been married, and is intended to support the lower-earning spouse (typically the wife) — not the kids.

Child support applies to all separated families, and every state has a child support calculator that will give you a good idea of what you are expected to pay.

Child support is designed to help support children — not the parents. Of course this is complicated, as we will discuss below.

Learn more about child support calculations and laws, as well as how to deal if you are one of the minority of women who pay child support or alimony.

How alimony works

Alimony only applies when a husband and wife were married, and in rare instances, if common-law marriage applies. Alimony is based on the incomes of both spouses, and the higher-earning spouse is ordered to pay the lower-earning spouse.

The spirit of this agreement dates back thousands of years to various cultures in which husbands were required to continue to support their wives in the event that he wanted to leave her — ensuring some financial protection for women in eras when we few legal or financial rights, or career opportunities.

Each state has different alimony laws on its books, and typically, there is a lot of discretion to how a judge may (or may not) award alimony payments.

How to file for divorce in New York, and other questions about separating in NY

What is alimony based on?

Typically a court (or family lawyers negotiating a settlement) will calculate alimony based on:

  • How much income each spouse makes.
  • The earning potential of each spouse, including education and work experience, and recency of the work experience.
  • Expenses of each spouse.
  • If one spouse is disabled in any way, that may be considered.
  • Which spouse has more time sharing with the children.
  • Viability that “the standard of living established during the marriage” would continue for both spouses.

How alimony is calculated

Again, this will vary greatly by where you live, and who the judge is, and details of the marriage and each spouse.

For example, in New York, the alimony formula typically only applies to spouses who have been married at least 10 years.

Then, alimony is set at 30% of the higher-earning spouse’s income, minus 20% of the lower-earning spouse’s income — as long as the recipient's share is not more than 40% of the couple’s combined income. For example, a surgeon making $500,000 a year married to a teacher earning $50,000 would be ordered to pay about $140,000 a year.

Is alimony tax deductible?

For divorces filed after Jan. 1, 2019, alimony payments are no longer tax-deductible for the payor, nor are they considered taxable income for the recipient.

However, old laws allowing for alimony payments to be tax-deductible for the payor, and required to be reported as income for the recipient, apply to those who divorced in 2018 and earlier.

Alimony is received by women

Fact: Per U.S. Census data, 97% of alimony recipients are women.

Tips for women who pay men alimony — and are really angry about it

Alimony is for the rich

Fact: Per the IRS (in the New York Times): “The rich disproportionately deduct alimony — about 20 percent of taxpayers who currently claim the deduction are in the top 5 percent of household income earners.”

Also, the richer you are, the more likely you are to get married. Alimony only applies if you were married. According to Census data reported in this fascinating Institute for Family Studies paper, here is the percentage of Americans aged 18-55 who were married, based on income:

Poor: 26% married 

Working class: 39% married

Middle and upper class: 56% married

Says the IFS: “When it comes to coupling, poor and working-class Americans are more likely to substitute cohabitation for marriage.”

White women get alimony far more than black women

Fact: White women get alimony far, far more than black women and Latinas. While the last report on these figures was based on a 1985 Census figures found that in divorce, white women were twice as likely to get alimony than black women. Those numbers are old, but we know that for the entirety of this country's history, black women marry at a far lower rate than white women. From a paper published by the Department of Health and Human Services:

In 2014, 70 percent of non-Hispanic white children (ages 0–18) and roughly 59 percent of Hispanic children were living with both of their biological parents. The same was true for only a little more than one-third of black children.

Similarly, rich women get alimony far more than poor people.

No marriage = no divorce, and alimony only applies in a divorce.

Also, black women out-earn their black husbands more often. Chicago matrimonial attorney Lester L. Barclay, author of The African-American Guide to Divorce & Drama: Breaking Up Without Breaking Down, told Essence: “African-American women tend to be better-educated and higher-wage earners so when you’re ending a marital relationship the economic factors come into play.”

This observation is backed by an analysis of Census data and reported here, finding that black and Latina women were more likely to be breadwinners (or co-breadwinners) than white women.

How long do you pay or receive alimony?

Increasingly, lifelong alimony is being phased out around the country, in favor of alimony calculations designed to ensure the lower-paying spouse has a financial runway to build up a career and become more financially independent.

Just a generation ago alimony was a feminist coup, giving women with scant financial opportunity a way to support themselves and their families in the event of divorce. This made sense when women had scant financial or professional opportunity. Those days are gone.

Alimony reform

In many states lifetime alimony is being challenged, and how the growing numbers of (successful, professional) female judges have little sympathy for women who do not work outside the home, and are denying them alimony.

New York City family attorney Morghan Richardson, says that women are often stunned to hear their soon-to-be ex-husbands confess that they never really wanted her to abandon their careers and stay home. They are also stunned to hear divorce and child support judges demand women work full time — no matter how many or how little their children are. In the mommy wars, the increasing numbers of female judges (who are firmly in the working mothers camp) have their say. And they say being a SAHM does not count as work.

In other words: You can argue all day long that staying at home raising children is a full-time job. But the legal system decides, and the legal system disagrees. So does your husband.

I've see this attitude in many of the men I've dated. These are progressive, feminist men who maybe at one point conceded that it made sense for one parent to stay home full time with the children. Then the kids got older. He was under a lot of pressure to be the sole breadwinner and he resented it, especially since there was another educated adult in the family. He went to work each and every day with women — beautiful women — who worked fulltime and raised what seemed like perfectly healthy children. And now they're divorced and he is so, so angry that he pays her bills since she makes so much less than she could have had she stayed in the workforce and “pulled her own financial weight,” which may have saved the marriage!

The reform is the result of petitions by groups who feel that alimony hurts men by making them pay an unfair sum to women they are no longer married to, and who have opportunity to be financially independent. Reform is just beginning.

This new shift away from guaranteed, lifelong maintenance is tough for women who did not prepare for the financial realities of divorce and chose to be dependent on their husbands. I sympathize with some of these women — those who have disabled and special needs children who require intense, and extensive care long beyond age 18, women who are mentally or physically disabled themselves, and women who are in their 70s and older and came of age when there truly was not economic gender equality.

But for everyone else, I applaud this move to limit alimony. This is good for women, and what is good for women is good for families and the country.

The many ways that alimony holds women back (alimony arguments debunked)

Alimony was a huge feminist coup in the 1960s and 1970s when divorce rates first skyrocketed, and women had scant professional, education, legal, political and financial standing (Sisters: we were not allowed to hold a credit card in our own names until 1973!).

Since then, the world has changed, laws and opportunities have changed, and so, too, must what we expect from marriage — and life post-marriage.

Thankfully, alimony reform is underway in almost every state in the United States, and lifetime maintenance is more or less over.

Despite the blaring reality that men and women should always have a way to support themselves, women are still pressured painfully to be full-time stay-at-home moms.

Pew Research found that 40 percent of Americans believe it harms children when mothers work outside the home, and 80 percent of respondents told Working Mother magazine they feel guilty for working.

Nevermind the fact that the vast majority of mothers need to work so they and their children can eat, or the mounds of both research and anecdotes that prove that children, mothers, marriages and the economy thrive when moms are employed — we are still told that at-home is best.

Today I understand that turning down alimony and supporting women in financial independence is the real equality coup.

If you, like me, assumed that alimony was good for women, was a source of fairness and justice, you likely have one of these arguments the ready. Let's break them down:

Alimony argument: 

We had an agreement — He would work and earn, and I would stay home with the kids. He broke that agreement and now owes me.

I am all about approaching marriage as a business deal, and in fact, you did have a deal.

Business deals end every single day, and I know of zero exits in which one business partner is ordered to compensate the other in perpetuity for hurt feelings and lost earning potential.

Divorce, just like in business, includes splitting the assets, debts, and finding an equitable way of managing and taking care of any outstanding obligations (like child rearing).

In business, no one is monetarily punished because the cafe couldn't turn a profit, or the bicycle shop burned down, or the software company went belly-up in a recession.

In business, when shit happens, both partners suck it up and do their best to move on with their respective lives, like two adults.

First of all, a full-time stay-at-home mom is not full-time work after our kids turn age 3. For our great-grandmothers, housework was a full-time endeavor. It hasn't been since the 1950s. Instead, nearly all housework is automated and outsourced to clothing and linen manufacturers in China, commercial farmers and food manufacturers, makers of washing machines, dishwashers, coffee makers, vacuum cleaners, self-cleaning ovens — and every other modern convenience that makes the idea of a “housewife” laughable.

In fact, helicopter parenting not only holds kids back, but it makes women broke.

Child care and housekeeping do of course still need to be done, though all research finds that children ages 3 and older do far better at quality child care centers, and benefit zero from long hours with parents. Even for hours that mothers do spend with children have a market rate. Again, if you argue that you should be paid alimony for your house and child care duties, that rate should be based on market rate — not a percentage of your husband's income.

Child care centers costs on average, nationally, $4.90 per hour, according to a survey by Care.com, and the Bureau of Labor Statistics found that house cleaning averages $11.46 per hour.

That means that if you were enjoying a lifestyle that corresponds with more than, say, a $20,000 annual income, you got a great bargain.

And if you were living at or below the poverty line during your marriage, then a judge probably wouldn't grant you any of your ex's income — because there simply isn't enough to go around.

Recently there was a very interesting discussion in my Millionaire Single Mom closed Facebook group (join us!) that addressed the challenges of dating men whose first wives were full-time stay-at-home wives. A number of women refuse. Reasons include:

Men whose only example of a long-term romantic partner is someone who cared for the daily minutiae of running a home and family is incapable of overseeing the basics of life, and will treat any future partners like, well, wives:

If a guy has had a stay at home wife, I won't date him until he's lived in his own for at least a year and has had his eyes open that some fairy doesn't take care of his shiznit in the background. They're overgrown children. — Lynette 

Others are bitter about their own marriages that were informed by exes who were, in turn, informed by their own stay-at-home moms:

My ex was/is sooo used to his mother doing everything. So when we were together I ended up doing everything because he was either incapable or oblivious. Realizing I was already doing all the parenting/housework and working (from home) was the trigger for me to leave. I figured out I was doing it all anyway, why have him around? Didn't need him… It was a freeing and very empowering. — Rebecca

Other moms felt that these men simply did not get them — Ambitious, independent women who are thrilled to earn and achieve on their own terms:

I recently dated a man — long distance — whose ex-wife stayed at home. She never finished college, so her career choices were limited. I thought it interesting that he just assumed I'd give up my 20+-year music career in a large city to move to his mid-sized town where there were zero opportunities in my field. He even once said, ‘We'd be OK if you had to take a pay cut.” I briefly turned into Cruella De Vil: Why on Earth would I take a pay cut when I've worked REALLY REALLY hard to get where I am?? It was that presumption that a woman would give everything up and fold into him that was the deal-breaker for me. — Prianka 

Other moms said they found these men to be the bitter ones — feeling they'd been taken advantage of financially (since women without careers often are awarded alimony, at least in the short-term), and often when it came to unfair parenting schedules, with courts defaulting to archaic gender stereotypes in which men work and financially support women who stay home and care for babies.

Alimony argument:

He needs to compensate her for lost wages

You may say: “It is not fair. I forsook my career and earning potential to stay home / work part-time / take a lower-paying job, which allowed him to build his career, and now I am SOL. He needs to compensate me for that lost earning potential, and for helping him to build his career.”

First of all, you say that this was a mutually agreed-upon arrangement, and perhaps it was.

But, the real story likely includes some element of at least one of these scenarios:

  • You got laid off/ fired / your business tanked and you just never got back in the career saddle.
  • You weren't very good at your chosen career. Your business never worked out, or you never had much of a career to start with.
  • Your husband urged you to work. Begged and pleaded with you, and you refused.

Maybe it is a little bit of all those stories. These things can be complicated, open for interpretation.

Child care is crazy-expensive, and at the time, it very likely seemed like you had no choice but to stay home.

No matter. The reality: You took a risk, and decided not to have a career — or down-ramped to a lower-paying job with less potential.

You chose to be dependent on a man, even though there are no financial experts in the world who would support that as a wise move.

You knew very well that divorce rates have hovered around 50 percent for 40 years, yet you did nothing to financially protect yourself or your children against that.

Breakups aside, there is pretty much a 100% chance that your husband would

a) Become disabled

b) Become unemployed

c) Become chronically ill

d) Die

You likely have life and disability insurance, which you are far less than 50% likely to need.

But you did nothing to maintain your earning potential which would protect your family in any of those scenarios, either.

That was a risk you took. It didn't work out, and you lost. I'm sorry about that. I really am. But it is not another person's responsibility to compensate you for your loss. Scratch-off didn't win? You don't sue the bodega owner.

As for the notion that you made your husband's career … OMG. First, if you were, in fact, a co-owner of a business, then hopefully you got that legally locked down, and then there are mechanisms for divvying that up, or, in some cases, ex-spouses go on to successfully co-run businesses. Pretty cool.

But if you think that taking care of the kids and house makes a man, guess again.

  1. That man goes to work every day with successful women who are also wives and mothers — many of them single mothers. And plenty of them are really hot. Women can and do it all. (But not entitled ones.)
  2. Increasingly, judges who insist that stay-at-home moms get back to work ASAP are often females — judges who themselves had to claw their way to the bench in a chauvinist industry, while their children enjoyed perfectly nice child care. Male judges are sick of educated, competent, healthy women arguing that they should not have to work — as many of of these guys have professionally hard-working wives (or ex-wives to whom they bitterly pay alimony). The sympathy for this thinking is simply out of step with the times.

Alimony argument:

I do work! I am building a business / doing art / going back to school. We agreed I would get this off the ground, and he would support me!

Again, I get that was the verbal contract, and it is now not being honored.

That happens, and it is often unfair. I am sorry.

In the real world, every upstart endeavor has its limits. Startups answer to investors who demand returns on their funding. Your startup did not have those real-life limits.

Art patrons expect quality, marketable work after a certain period — or other favors. You were in a cushy arrangement in which you did not have to answer for your lack of success.

The good news is that I can attest to hearing countless stories of women who left an unhappy marriage, only to find themselves surprised by their success — and a bit dismayed at the realization that they'd held themselves back professionally, creatively and financially for the sake of pandering to a man's ego.

That was my story.

Ladies, the free market is a beautiful thing.

Too much cushy support with no accountability is good for no one.

This is scary, I know. You can do it. Trick: When I find myself really scared about making it, screwing up my kids, living on the street, I have a mantra:

Dumber people have done this successfully.

Again, if alimony is even a consideration, you are very likely to be rich. Get over yourself, get a job.

Alimony argument:

He has so much more than I do. It's not fair.

You know who has a lot more money than I do? A whole, whole, whole lot of people.

Some of them I know personally.

Do I expect these rich people to write me a check every month to equalize our lifestyles? No, because I didn't earn their money.

You are no longer married to this man.

You do not get to enjoy a lifestyle you did not earn just because once upon a time you were attractive to a man who was able to provide a lifestyle higher than one you earned yourself. I don't care if you are very, very beautiful, charming, from an impressive family or have a golden, fur-lined pussy.

You are not entitled to anyone else's anything if you did not earn it yourself.

He is free to go on and build and enjoy whatever lifestyle he wants. You are, too. That is the beauty of divorce.

The sooner your bank accounts and homes are separate, the sooner you will both go forth, and hopefully, create happy lives.

Perhaps you have a career — even a very successful one — that happens to earn a lot less than your now-ex.

Again, that is your choice. You chose that career, knowing its earning limitations.

Your ex chose a different career — one with a higher cap. Perhaps you love your work, and he hates his.

Do you owe him a slice of your professional fulfillment each month?

Further, by insisting that your lifestyle be attached to his income only perpetuates the sexist message that a woman's worth is directly related to the social class of the man she marries/has sex with.

NOT A GOOD LOOK.

Argument: This is not money for me; it is for the kids.

No, and you know that. Child support is for the kids; alimony is for the lessor-earning spouse to “maintain the lifestyle in which they are accustomed.”

To fulfill that promise, you are putting untold energy, time and money into finding ways to get money from a man with whom you are no longer romantically involved. If you get that money, you will be forever financially dependent on him.

That isn't a good look.

Alimony argument: 

I was always taught that it is best for children and marriages when the mom stays home, and if the marriage ended, then we were protected by alimony. Now we are all SCREWED.

If you have been arguing with me as you read this, you are likely really angry at your ex, the world, and there is likely a deep sense of shame about decisions you made.

I understand. I was a stay-at-home mom for about a year, and I decided to leave a high-paying career that I loved passionately, without any critical thought at all, because I blindly bought the presumption that being a full-time stay-at-home mom is what is best for children.

Pew Research found that 40 percent of Americans believe it actually HARMS children when their mothers work outside the home!

Turns out, you and I were totally wrong. Research by Harvard's Kathleen McGinn found, after studying 30,000 families in 20 countries, that both boys and girls with working mothers fared better than those with stay-at-home moms.

A University of Maryland meta-study of more than 30 other pieces of research concluded that after age 2, it doesn't matter at all how many hours parents spend with their kids. Stunning. Totally against what we were taught, and what we assumed.

Which brings us to your point: This isn't fair. It isn't fair. You were fed one line, a path for success and family health, and you obediently obeyed. Then the script changed, you divorced, and you are left high and dry.

Here is what no one will say to you: I'm sorry, but too bad, you still have it damned good.

We are in the middle of a war on sexism. A revolution for gender equality. In war and revolutions, there are casualties. Historically, these casualties are lives and limbs and eyesight.

Today, the fallout is that you might have to move from a large house to an apartment.

Or from your own apartment to sharing a home with a relative or friend. You may have to work in a job below your education level.

I imagine that is hard and embarrassing.

Yet, you are not dead or dismembered.

Here, in the divorce wars, the casualties are children — and it is all connected to money. Statistically, the #1 reason for divorced spouses returning to court, again and again, is alimony.

When you are fighting with your ex, you cannot co-parent. When money is at stake, lesser-earning parents (moms) are prone to fight for unequal parenting time, so as to qualify for more child support.

When parenting time is unequal, the lesser-time parent (dads), are statistically likely to check out of their children's lives. Fatherlessness is a critical issue in this country. Money is central to it.

The goal is to raise young women and men to presume financial and logistical responsibilities for themselves and their children.

That won't happen if mothers and grandmothers are modeling financial dependence and traditional gender roles.

That won't happen if young people do not have a model.

When you are going through the life-fuck that is divorce, you likely feel powerless. Every vertical of your life is in upheaval, and the sense of loss of control can be crippling.

The reality is that you have enormous power here. You have the power to focus on your beliefs and morals and act accordingly.

When you tell your ex: “I know I can go after more of your money, but I won't so we can both get on with this,” or “You know I am totally broke here, so if you can agree to pay me alimony for 18 months so I can get back on my feet, we can both move on with it already,” you are so powerful.

You are expressing to him grace and maturity (even if he doesn't deserve it, and I understand that he may not!). You are expressing to your children the importance of co-parenting, and therefore their well-being and security.

You are telling every young woman who is watching you the importance of caring for her own financial self throughout her life.

And you are modeling to everyone watching you the power of forgiveness and strength in the face of adversity — and that includes forgiveness of yourself.

What to do instead of fighting for alimony

Now look: I know and, you know, the dismaying statistics around finance and women and divorce and moving on after you have been out of the workforce for a long time.

Those numbers are real, and I hope that women far and wide read and heed those facts so that one day we can all stop talking about alimony and gender equality, and move on to repairing the environment and wealth disparity.

Here are some other facts: Women get on with it every single day. Figure it out.

Start new careers, rejuvenate old ones. Launch and build businesses. They do incredible things.

Things they never dreamed they were capable of. Things they could not imagine.

These women all have one thing in common: They are not entitled.

They are not sitting around waiting for someone to hand them anything. They did not take anyone to court for what they felt entitled.

They did not refuse to marry their longtime, live-in boyfriend so they would qualify for alimony (who are these greedy emasculated boyfriends? So much wrong here).

No.

The women who thrive after divorce — including those who had little or no money of their own — hustled their asses off and got results.

These women have something else in common.

They will all tell you this: There is nothing as delicious as money you earn your own damn self.

Did I scare you into upping your income? Feel sad or guilty at the thought of being away from your kids for long hours? Here is how to move on in this new phase of life:

Self-care after divorce

Warning: Self-care is not expensive if you can't afford it. When you are broke, or trying to be financially independent of your ex, over-spending just creates debt, stress and misery.

Focus on enjoying your own company, affordable travel with your kids, quality friendships, exercise and other positive physical and mental health practices.

9 mindset shifts that will help you get over single-mom stereotypes that keep women broke, alone and overwhelmed

Therapy can be a great tool for some people. If your health insurance doesn't cover counseling, or you find time or a lack of quality therapists in your area keep you from seeking the support you deserve, consider online therapy.

Reputable online therapy sites like BetterHelp allow you to connect with thousands of licensed counselors through email, phone, chat or video connection, privately (no bumping into your neighbor outside your counselor's office!). Fees start at $40/week for unlimited sessions.

Check out BetterHelp now >>

Create a lifestyle you can afford after divorce

Create a budget, downsize your home to something you can easily afford, and focus on being financially independent in all areas of your life.

Should you keep the house in the divorce?

Build your career post-divorce

Thanks to technology and a changing work culture that values parents and is happy to offer flexible, temp, telecommute, remote and other work-at-home opportunities, there are countless quality, legit jobs and careers that pay well, and also provide the flexibility to spend time with your family, working out, build a side gig, or otherwise enjoy life.

In fact, working from home tops my gratitude list most days, as it has allowed me to devote concentrated sums of time building a business that I love, pays well, and allows me to spend as much (or little! Let's e real here!) time with my kids as I need to.

This is my list of top, high-paying careers that you can do from home.

The list includes careers that often pay $100,000 or more:

My favorite job board for moms is FlexJobs — the leading job site specifically for telecommuting, part-time, flexible-time, online, work from home, and other alternative work arrangements that make such a big difference in families’ lives.

FlexJobs was started by Sara Sutton-Fell, a real-life mom who wanted to work from home, earn a good living, and spend time with her family. Check out FlexJobs.com now>> (use promo code FLEXLIFE)

If you need fast, extra cash (not necessarily a new job or career), here is my list of 101 ways to make extra cash, quick. Advice includes easy ways to sell things you have, the best online survey companies, online English tutoring, and rent stuff you own, like your home or car.

Start dating after divorce

I was terrified to date after divorce, and only went on a date after a full year because my friend forced me onto a blind date. I had never dated as a single mom, my body had changed, and the world had changed (hello, smart phones, online dating, and sexting!).

Today, I can attest that dating as a single mom is truly wonderful, as many women can attest. I write all about the reasons in this post on why dating after divorce is so thrilling (including the sex).

Online dating can seem intimidating or desperate if you've never done it, but surveys find that is the No. 1 most common ways for marrying couples to meet. I have gone on hundreds of dates that originated online, including my three-year relationship with my current boyfriend.

Learn about all the popular online dating sites and apps for single parents in my rundown.

For finding a serious relationship, a boyfriend or a husband, eHarmony is the leader:

  • Free 150-point personality report
  • Apps for iOS and Android
  • 100% of members are proven to be real (no catfishing or married people!)
  • Free version
  • For paid memberships, eHarmony has one of the lowest prices, with costs starting at $7.90/month.
  • 3-month free guarantee
  • A+ Better Business Bureau rating
  • Video dating

Learn more about eHarmony in my review.

Or get started for free with eHarmony now >>

Build your own wealth after divorce

You likely left your marriage poorer than when you were married, even if you did get the house and a share of investments.

Keep going.

If you don't already feel confident about investing, learn. Here is my guide to investing for women.

Build up an emergency savings account (CIT has one of the highest money market rates on the market, at 1.9% APR as of March, 2020).

9 ways to get your single-mom financial act together, now and forever

The alimony gravy train (get off it!)

Nearly 400,000 divorced women receive alimony — a critical topic when considering post-divorce life, feminism, the pay gap, and women's empowerment — financial or otherwise. I feel very strongly that every single woman (indeed, 97 percent of people who get spousal support are women) should turn down any opportunity for alimony, aka spousal support, as it is a took to keep women to be dependent on men and not take full responsibility for themselves.

Here are all the reasons why:

Alimony is legislated dependence for women

An end of alimony would force each able-bodied person to be financially responsible for themselves.

Suffragists and feminists before us fought bitterly (and sometimes joyously, one would hope) so you and I have financial and legal parity with men. We have a way to go, but for the most part in this country women have the opportunity to support themselves. With opportunity comes responsibility. You choose to be financially dependent on someone else (like a husband), you take a risk. If that marriage ends and you have little career equity and low earning potential as a result, you must pay the consequences of the downside of that risk. Taking that responsibility away from women, and perpetuating a model in which women are financially dependent on men, infantizes all women. We are not infants. We are capable adults with untold professional and financial opportunities.

Take alimony out of the career-planning equation and we force women to take full responsibility for their careers and finances from the beginning of adulthood. This is critical if we are going to close the pay gap, which has little to do with workplace sexism, and more to do with women choosing lower-paying professions and stepping away from careers to devote to family life — all in the name of being a “better” mother who spend countless time with her children, even though all the search proves that children fare better when they have moms who work, and benefit none from endless hours with their parents.

Harvard professor Kathleen McGinn found, in her study of 34,000 people across 24 countries, that girls raised by mothers who worked outside the home for pay, achieved more academically and grew up to be women who achieved more professionally and financially than their peers who had stay-at-home moms. Boys raised by working moms were more caring for children and older people living in the home than their SAHM peers, and grew up to be men who were the same — all while achieving as much academically and professionally as those raised by SAHMs. In short: kids grow up to be what they see.

I talk about this on this blog, my podcast, and book, The Kickass Single Mom (Penguin), and am very proud to say I have converted many moms to getting off the alimony gravy train (one of my favorite reader book reviews: “Thanks for ruining alimony for me forever, Emma!”). Many women say that this message has propelled them into a life of autonomy independent of the man to whom they were once married. Nonetheless, there continue to be lots of vintage thinking about money, marriage, family, and gender, and in this post, I explain why all the typical arguments in favor of alimony are wrong.

Why stay-at-home moms hurt gender equality

Listen to my interview with McGinn:

Alimony makes divorce so much harder, more expensive, and dragged out

Alimony adjustments, enforcements and arguments, are the No. 1 reason that divorced couples return to divorce court, or otherwise spend money on expensive family lawyers. Think about it:

There are countless ways to fight about alimony:

  • You suspect or know his income increased, and therefore believe you are entitled to more.
  • He suspects or knows you are earning more (good for you!) and therefore he should be paying less.
  • He believes (or says) his income decreased, or his living expenses went up, so he should pay less.
  • One of your remarried, or is in a relationship or living with a girlfriend or boyfriend, and therefore your financial situation has changed, and one of you believes the payments should be adjusted, too.
  • Someone believes income is earned under the table, is not reported, or otherwise being hidden.

And on and on. It's exhausting, toxic, keeps you enmeshed in the emotional part of the divorce for ever and ever, and the only people who benefit from this are the divorce lawyers, who laugh all the way to the bank.

Take alimony out of the equation, the co-parenting relationship improves, and the divorce is far more amicable from the start. In fact, you may even be file a no-contest, DIY divorce, for a few hundred dollars.

How to file your own divorce papers

There are several quality online programs that will help you work through all the necessary discussions, write an agreement, have it looked over by a family lawyer in your state, and then file it.

CompleteCase is a leader in online divorce, with fees starting at $299, including unlimited document creation and instructions for filing in your state. Read more about CompleteCase in my review, or checkout CompleteCase now >>

More about online divorce programs in our Top 10 roundup of DIY divorce.

Alimony contributes to the wealth gap

When women earn their own money and think like breadwinners, the wealth gap will shrink. One study found that women’s involvement in household finances is directly proportionate to their contribution to family income. In other words, the more a woman contributes to the family finances, the more involved she is with managing them. Consider these alarming figures on female financial literacy from workplace wellness program firm Financial Finesse:

  • One-third of women feel confident about their investment allocation, vs half of men
  • 66% of women report a general knowledge of investing, vs 85% of men
  • 63% of women report having a handle on cash management, vs 78% of men
  • 47% of women indicate that they have an emergency fund, vs 62% of men

One, a stay-at-home mom told me at our kids' bus-stop that if she ever got a divorce, her husband would have to pay her out the nose for all her “sacrifice.” Never mind he was perpetually unemployed in a middle-class job. Where did she think that all that money would come from? Bottom line is she was relaying the common assumption that men always pay women when they have children together, and this woman had no money, a neglected career and a low-income husband.

Ending alimony would be a boon for family financial security, ringing a clear, screaming alarm that you, woman, must plan for the very real chance that both spouses’ income will be likely critical to the family. What will it take for people to realize — and plan for — the fact that divorce rates have hovered around 50% for decades? Divorce is just one risk.

Maintaining a career is about being a responsible member of your family. Even if you have the hottest, most committed marriage that lasts until the end of one of your lives, there are other realities you must plan for. And if you are divorced and dependent on income from your ex, never forget that he could lose his job, die, become disabled, chose a lower-paying career, see his business tank, or go MIA. You have no control over that, and if you depend on his income, you live in fear every single day it will go away. Shift that energy into your own income and career, which you do have control over, and watch your life change.

Unemployment. Nearly four out of five U.S. adults will face severe joblessness, near poverty or being on welfare. Men in recent history have been far more likely to suffer in an economic downturn. During the recession – from December 2007 to June 2009—men lost 5.4 million jobs while women lost 2.1 million. Again, this is a numbers game. Betting on your husband to support you and your family simply is not a good financial move.

Disability. Nearly 5% of all eligible adults receive disability insurance benefits.

Life. Crap happens. Accidents, psychotic breaks, natural disasters and fires. You have no idea what is in store. So you do smart things. Like keep a career going, which boosts your family’s financial security by 2x at least.

Alimony (and child support) keep you passionately attached to your ex

I have a friend who abandoned a thriving small business she’d built for 15 years when she married a successful New York City tax attorney and had a baby. The marriage ended. He pays her a sum each month that keeps her in an Upper East Side two-bedroom, three-story townhouse, while she struggles to rebuild her business. “Tell your readers to never stop working,” she told me recently.  “There is nothing worse than being dependent on a man who you are trying to separate from.”

Also, there is nothing better than knowing that your own life is entirely of your making. That is the definition of empowerment — gender or otherwise.

I was on WCCO CBS in Minneapolis speaking about this win my friend, anchor Jordana Green who receives alimony. “Isn't it unfair if you're used to living in a $500,000 house but have to move into an apartment when you divorce?” she asked.

My answer? “If you want a $500,000 house, pursue a career that affords you one.”

As one alimony reform activist emailed me: “Alimony law was created to ‘keep the lesser earning spouse in the lifestyle in which they are accustomed.' Using that logic, wealthy parents should be legally obligated to support their kids throughout their lives.” I agree.

Alimony makes co-parenting very contentious

Alimony and child support are the main reasons that people return to family and divorce courts again and again. There has never, ever in the history of divorce been a person who pays money to another person who they believe is capable of supporting themselves. Since your ex is angry about paying alimony (and child support), that anger will manifest in all sorts of ways in your relationship, which has now been reduced to coparents. May not be fair, may be court-sanctioned, but you are lesser co-parents because this money came between you. 

29 ways to be a better co-parent—even the most toxic ex

Dana Lin was a stay-at-home mom for most of her marriage, and admits there was a measure of pride in not pursuing alimony or child support in her divorce, even though she could barely support herself — selling her wedding and heirloom jewelry to make ends meet, and not eating for days on end when her children spent time with their dad. She was entitled to $3,000 in monthly support alimony.

Lin, the mother of two grade-school daughters at the time, also didn’t want money complicating her relationship with her children’s father. “I never wanted him to be able to say, ‘I can’t spend time with the kids because I have to work long hours to support you,’” says Lin, who at the time of the split worked part-time as a school office manager for $20 per hour. Today, she says, she has a very friendly relationship with her ex, who “is an amazing father now,” while he was only marginally involved while married.

If you receive alimony, your ex is likely really angry about it. He will question all your lifestyle choices, want to know why you are not earning more yourself, and be resentful of any man who comes into your life — especially if you live together or otherwise share expenses.

All of this makes it so much harder to co-parent. So much more tension, suspicion, and anger — all of which you both need to shed in order to move on with your own lives and come together for your kids.

One of the first co-parenting apps, and widely used app, OurFamilyWizard, which features chat, information storage (like pediatrician and teacher contact info, prescriptions, etc.), and financial record-keeping. 30-day free trial, discounts for military families, and a program to provide OurFamilyWizard free to low-income families. Each parent can add unlimited numbers of other people for free, including children, grandparents, step and bonus parents, as well as attorneys.

Try OurFamilyWizard for free for 30 days now >>

Read OurFamilyWizard review on Wealthysinglemommy.com >>

Alimony hold you back professionally, personally and financially

In most courts, you only get child support or alimony if you earn less than your ex. If that is always on your mind, it is easy to consciously or unconsciously earn less in order to qualify for alimony. That money often makes women less ambitious, less professionally fullfilled, and more resentful of your ex. This is bad for you, a bad example for your children, bad for women, and bad for the pay and wealth gaps. Meanwhile, plenty of women flip the script. Dana Lin was guaranteed alimony as a stay-at-home mom with a high-earning ex-husband. But she turned it down.

“I was very ambitious and had great earning potential,” says Lin, 43. “I didn’t want anyone to say I couldn’t make it without him.” Lin pursued her dream of being a screenwriter, today working as a script doctor and ghostwriter. Two years ago with a partner she launched Zen Life Services, which provides stress training management skills to law enforcement employees. “Living lean taught me to be more disciplined,” she says. “Sometimes if you have too much of a cushion you’re not as aggressive in pursuing your dreams.”

The takeaway? Keep a foot in the workforce, even when your kids are babies. Accept as fact you have a 50 percent chance of being divorced, and even if your husband seems to fully support heading a one-income household, deep down he likely feels very differently — or eventually will. Regardless of what everyone feels, the only feelings that really matter are the judge's. And as more women take the ranks of the courts, there is less legal inclination for alimony — especially when the petitioner is an educated woman who chooses not to earn a living.

Related:

The real reason your ex doesn’t see the kids

Close the pay gap? Get dads involved? 50-50 visitation and no child support

A dad explains: “Why I don’t see my son.”

Parental alienation: A call to change parenting culture — and law

Wealthysinglemommy.com founder Emma Johnson is an award-winning business journalist, activist and author. A former Associated Press reporter and MSN Money columnist, Emma has appeared on CNBC, New York Times, Wall Street Journal, NPR, TIME, The Doctors, MONEY, O, The Oprah Magazine. Winner of Parents magazine’s “Best of the Web” and a New York Observer “Most Eligible New Yorker," her #1 bestseller, The Kickass Single Mom (Penguin), was a New York Post Must Read. A popular speaker, Emma presented at the United Nations Summit for Gender Equality. Emma's Top Single Mom Resources.

106 Comments

I couldn’t finish this article. I’ve always been a professional woman. I’m divorced. There is no doubt despite my high level of success, the men around me with stay at home wives are on a faster track and easily shoot past working mothers. Why? Simply because they have support at home, when the working mothers have to balance career and home. I need to sacrifice hours for my children’s extracurriculars, doctor appointments, school functions, home maintenance. My job is flexible, but there is no denying when I have 95% of the responsibilities of the children, 100% of the responsibilities of the home and a high expectations career – something gives. The kids are missing out, my work is not as high quality as it would be if I had no distractions, and I’m worn thin.

So maybe these stay at home mom’s “market value” isn’t great, but the value they are contributing to their husbands by removing the home and child duties, is immeasurable. These men DO make more money, they DO get bigger and faster promotions, and they DO it at the expense of their wives earning potential. It’s not a myth, it’s fact.

Lifetime of support, no that’s too much. A reasonable amount of support to allow them to educate themselves and build a career comparable to their spouse – yes, that has been earned.

Exactly. Well said. Is the article author a parent? Getting back into the workforce, unless you had a high demand, specialized profession is extremely difficult. People who have left traditional careers for a long period are screened out before anyone even sees their resume and this massive discrimination women face by OTHER WOMEN who never left the workforce is the worst. And dont even get me started on ageism… over 50 and forget it. This article is extremely condescending and belittling to the valuable contribution stay at home parents make to their families and the community. Many volunteer many hours. How about we encourage more opportunities for parents to get back into the workforce? How about we start paying wages to the stay at home parent and take that work seriously. Disgusting.

Emma – Great wisdom! Here in Florida where we are trying to change alimony laws for the past eight years (with two Governor vetoes being gifts to the Florida Divorce lawyer industry), we are pushing for alimony to be Marriage Unemployment Insurance. Nobody argues that allowing a party that has chosen not to work for the sake of the children (notwisthanding your excellent arguments to the contrary), to get back on their feet. Hence – alimony should be for a limited time and for a limited amount!

Our Florida Family Law Reform PAC survey indicated that the post-divorce strife around alimony seriously harms the emotional state and relationships with children. It is really time to end this.

Emma – WWII bomber pilots used to say that the flack is always greatest when you’re right above the target. Many of the responses to your article seem to be from people who are very defensive and will do whatever they can not to look at the hard and uncomfortable truths you’ve outlined. Alimony causes more pain and destruction for all involved in the long run. No need to infantilize women. They are just as capable as men. Equality is when we all, regardless of gender or race, accept the consequences, both good and bad, of the decisions we make. No grown adult should believe in a narrative that has a foundation based on inequality; where one grown adult is ordered by the state against their will to financially provide for another grown adult. It’s gross. It needs to end.

You know, since you’re sooo concerned with societal outcomes and children’s long term successes, maybe you could start worrying and writing about the statistical and social disadvantages of children in single mother households. I feel like that’s a much more dire (and well documented!) problem in our society than this “force yourself into a life you don’t want in the name of my definition of feminism” garbage you’re writing to make yourself feel better about the fact that *your* kids are the ones more likely to have emotional and behavioral disorders and be incarcerated. Worry about your own life and choices before you start shaming people for simply raising healthy, well balanced children.

Nonsense. Single mothers can and do raise perfectly healthy normal children. They are often good role models for their kids too. She was just presenting other sides to the argument and some well documented stats here. You are being judgemental here. If you didn’t like the article, why didn’t you just skip it

Emma, good points and you definitely win the hyperbole award of the week. All research indicates…, there are no financial experts in the world who would support…, there is pretty much a 100% chance… Alright, just yanking your chain! I couldn’t help myself.

I’m glad things are going so well for you, Emma. However, I find your essay extremely meanspirited and filled with assumptions and privilege. You assume that the divorced mother has the education and ability to work at a job that pays her enough for a sustainable lifestyle. I won’t even begin to argue as to what that looks like. You also assume that ageism plays no factor in the ability to support oneself. Of course, you can’t know that now. I hope you never have to face it. I also hope that you never have to be the primary support emotionally or financially of elderly relatives. That changes things, too. Regardless, good luck to you. You’ve got the world on a string. Hope it continues.

Lisa – Alimony IS a function of privilege. Increasingly, it is only affluent, white people who marry (a requirement for alimony) and enough income from the husband to make it even possible. Twice as many white divorced women receive alimony as black women — who are far less likely to marry in the first place — OR receive child support, but much more likely to live in poverty.

What planet are you living on?

I am living on the same one that you are living on. Of course I am. I’m a lot older than you so have experienced life differently. I look forward to the day when your world is a reality, without leaving people behind. I hope all of us, all 350 billion of us can rise up and support one another without shaming. But thank you, you’ve given me a lot to think about. You take care of yourself.

Good gracious. Every competent adult is responsible for getting the education and skills to support themselves. How is it sane or responsible to assume that somebody else is going to feed you?

I do not agree that alimony is a “gravy train” it is fair in that it allows the other partner to have the time to get their career up and going or going to school. The stay at home mom and the working Dad will find themselves in very different circumstances at their divorce. One has an income and the other does not. Having a set amount of time, determined by a judge, in order to get that job or get back in the work force is necessary. It is especially necessary when that Mom is also the custodial parent, taking care of raising the children, which is what typically happens.
I also believe that each case is unique and is dependent on a number of circumstances.

Not all alimony recipients were SAHMs with no income. Plenty have income- but not enough for them to enjoy the lifestyle their husband’s income afforded them. That is wrong.

Stay at home status is not a requirement for alimony in Ohio and is not even one of the statutory factors for alimony award, amount or duration. The only factors enforced by most domestic law courts in Ohio are length of marriage and difference in income. Typically alimony will level the net income of the two spouses. My ex has a masters degree and was a professional until she retired in the midst of divorce proceedings. I must support her until one of us dies. She was never a homemaker.

Wow, you are so angry at stay at home moms and I think you would want to check your tone and remove the insulting comments and assumptions. I disagree with some of your statements but am open to different perspectives as long as they are respectful… And no I’m not ashamed of my life choices… Sheesh!

First, Happy Mother’s Day to you and all of the moms, and single moms, reading this blog. We all should be in this together and build eachother up more than we tear eachother down. With that said, I want to say I have loved your blog and came to it when I was first divorced last year. I have read the article you linked and it gave me something to think about for sure. In my opinion, this article goes too far with stay-at-home mom bashing, almost mommy wars, to make your point. I would especially disagree that staying home with the kids does help further the other spouses career. They can work long hours, take business trips on a whim, don’t have to take extra sick days for the kids and have less other work to do at home so they can dedicate more time and energy to work. For example, my sister has been in all positions, she has stayed home, had her husband stay home and they both now work. She said by far the best situation for her was when he stayed home with the kids. In any case, there is a discussion to be had about inequality in the workplace and in life, but as I said you could’ve done without the degrading comments to stay-at-home moms. I am not ashamed of my choice and no one should be. I am working now and am lucky enough to work for a company with a very family-friendly environment, which is needed to help all women stay in the workforce… if they choose to.

Emma,
You seem to be a great writer. I also applaud you for being a strong single parent.
I’m a SAHM. I have a degree in journalism and had a 11+ year successful career in marketing.
When my daughter was 2, I was part of a company-wife lay-off. I was pregnant at the time and had a miscarriage a couple of weeks later.
Three months later, I was pregnant again with my son who’s now 4.
Luckily I had a great severance package and we could afford me staying home.
When I was 5 months pregnant, my daughter was hospitalized for 3 days due to RSV. I stayed with her in the hospital with her and was able to be with her at home for the frightening days that followed. Had I been working, that would have been vacation time or sick time.
Meanwhile, my cobra insurance benefits were coming to a close and we had to buy health insurance. My husband owns his own business so we didn’t have health benefits through him.
After my son was born, we decided to have me continue to stay at home
When I was working, I’d leave the house at 7am and get home around 6am. That included commute time. There were many times that a work meeting would be scheduled for 4:30/5pm and I’d be home even later.
It was hard to be competitive at work because our company culture valued building relationships via after-work happy hours or staying late at the office.
So, when my husband and I weighed our pros and
Cons of my staying home, we decided to give it a try.

It’s been about 5 years and I’m very happy with our decision. It hasn’t always been easy but we’ve made it work.

My children are 7 and 4yrs old. My daughter is in 2nd grade and my son is in preschool.
I help out in my daughter’s class every week and have built a great relationship with her teacher. I volunteer at school events and co-lead the PTA email newsletter. I’ve built relationships with other parents, the PTA leaders and am getting to know the school principal etc.
It may sound trifle to you. However, there are many benefits to being involved in your child’s school and building those relationships.
I am friends with both stay-at-home moms and moms who have jobs outside of the home.
I’m there to help the moms who are working. I often bring their kids home after school.
I’ve seen different reactions from family and friends when I decided to stay home. Early on, I noticed there was a change in the respect they gave me. I could see how some family and friends devalued my opinions etc.
But, I’ve seen it change over the years. They’ve seen how my children are benefiting from my decision to stay home.
I want to emphasize the “my” here because I’m only taking about my situation.
I do not believe that a mom or parent staying at home is better for all children or parents.
But, for me, it was the right choice. I am happy being with them. I was very competitive at work before I had kids. But, once I had my daughter, things changed.
I love being home with them. I’m so happy to be able to help at my daughter’s school, take her to soccer practice, pick up my son from preschool and enjoy our afternoons together. I like being home to see the kids get excited when their dad comes home. I like being excited when my husband walks through the door.
I love helping my friends when they need an extra hand.
I enjoy being part of the PTA and (soon) neighborhood association.
The one thing I don’t like is stereotyping, judgement or inauthenticity. I don’t like it when someone down to “stay-at-home moms” as though we are this inferior member of society. I don’t agree with the notion that, after 3 years of age, being a SAHM is pointless.
I hate when women are pitted against each other. I despise it when mothers are compared to each other.
When I started reading your article I hadn’t looked at who the author was. Then I glanced up at the website in the url.
“Wealthy single mommy”
One of my best friends was a single mom. She had her daughter, my god-daughter, when she was 19 yrs old. She had almost zero help from the father and raised a child when she was barely learning to be an adult. I have the upmost respect for her. She’s married now to a man who took in her daughter as his own and together they built a family.
There has never been one moment where she judged me or looked down on me for the path I chose to take.
I know your article is about alimony.
It doesn’t apply to me in that sense.
However, your tone and disposition on women who stay at home, was not necessary in getting your point across. In fact, it actually pushes away people who may benefit from your research.
I felt so much hatred and disgust coming from your words. I assume this was merely a blog or editorial to vent your frustrations or perhaps you are someone who really hates alimony.
But, I saw that you are an award winning journalist. That means you’re a good writer, right?
It probably means that you are talented, intuitive, creative, intelligent and resourceful. If so, you must also know that there is power that comes with that. You must know that you can make a difference
I took journalism at SFSU and had the most amazing professors. Ben Fong Torres was one of them and I’ll always remember how inspiring he was.
He, along with my other professors, taught me that a story isn’t worth writing if you can’t get the right people to listen.
I’m not sure who you were aiming at with this article but you definitely weren’t reaching the segment you obviously despise. Maybe your story was meant for the ex-husbands. Perhaps your story was for other women who aren’t in an alimony situation. Perhaps it was just a rant that you had building up in you that you wanted to express.
I’m not sure. But, I think you could have done better. I mean that as a compliment.
You obviously have passion.
But…. I’m just a stay at home mom who used to work in marketing and has a degree in journalism from a long time ago.
Seriously. I probably am in no place to say anything like this to a professional journalist. So, you can respond and cut me down if you wish. I’ll be ok. But, I think you’re better than that.
I’m just trying to give you another perspective from mom who probably isn’t all that different from you. (Except for the award winning journalism etc)

Thank you thank you thank you! Ughhh SAHMs make me very angry also. Anyone who takes issue with this post needs to stop and ask, if all things are “equal”, why aren’t there stay at home dad’s in equal numbers as mom’s? Why do women set themselves for this garbage, to accept that their earning power should be less? If you say, well my husband made more money, please stop and ask yourself WHY? Why do women make less? Why did your wife decide to quit her job and let you keep yours? Ughh.. I especially can’t stand the “Mrs Degrees” women get. I also cringe when I learn they do volunteer work… If you have time to volunteer, you have time for a job. Stop perpetuating 1950s gender norms. And no, I think kids with stay at home mom’s learn it’s okay to make the same bullshit decisions.

As a working mother I am embarrassed by this article. SAHMs please know that the majority of working mothers absolutely do not blame you for workplace inequality and think you are doing just fine with your kids. Sheesh.

Ironic that Emma rails against staying home, yet she has links for jobs that let you *gasp* work from home!!! As for the chick in #5 (whining about women leaving her to fight the battle alone while they choose to stay home), these women have an obligation to their family, not you. If Maria really cared about these women fighting along side her why not offer them a work at home position?

I’m sorry but your are deeply misguided. What hurts society is telling any parent what they can and can not do as a parent. Some dads make great SAHDs. Some moms make great SAHMs. And sometimes both parents work. Their choices on how to run their family aren’t holding anyone back.

If I wrote an article that said: “10 ways your car destroys the environment” you likely would not argue, and continue driving your car (I would). Just because this research makes you uncomfortable does not render it incorrect.

Simple common sense will tell you that we can’t have equal numbers without equal participation. So we can’t have it both. It’s really as simple as that. If a woman does leave her career to support her family … she can’t expect there to be an equal number of female leadership in her career when she jumps back in (or if her daughters decide to work). And if leadership is all men … she can’t expect there to NOT be a glass ceiling. She can’t expect her daughter NOT to get harassed or told to smile more or propositioned. Because she is not there to protect her. I don’t make the rules. Reality sucks, doesn’t it?

What a load of horse sh*t. I suppose anyone can cherry pick information to prove a point, eh? I’m glad you’re happy working outside the home. I’m happy as a stay-at-home mom. True feminism means that we both have the option to do what makes us feel fulfilled. ;)

Simple common sense will tell you that we can’t have equal numbers without equal participation. So we can’t have it both. It’s really as simple as that. If a woman does leave her career to support her family … she can’t expect there to be an equal number of female leadership in her career when she jumps back in (or if her daughters decide to work). And if leadership is all men … she can’t expect there to NOT be a glass ceiling. She can’t expect her daughter NOT to get harassed or told to smile more or propositioned. Because she is not there to protect her (We have all the evidence in the world that men do not protect women). I don’t make the rules. Reality sucks, doesn’t it?

The goal is for autonomy and independence for both genders. The goal is gender equality. That is impossible when anyone give up their earning power.

“You can grow up to be anything you want, dear daughter, because you are strong and smart and talented…except be a stay at home mommy.”

I think we would all agree on a long list of things we would not want our daughters to be: dependent, abused, depressed, poor, just to name a few.

ALL stay at home moms are “dependent, abused, depressed, poor”? Can you site that statistic, Emma? Or are you just speaking from your experience?

Simple common sense will tell you that we can’t have equal numbers without equal participation. So we can’t have it both. It’s really as simple as that. If a woman does leave her career to support her family … she can’t expect there to be an equal number of female leadership in her career when she jumps back in (or if her daughters decide to work). And if leadership is all men … she can’t expect there to NOT be a glass ceiling. She can’t expect her daughter NOT to get harassed or told to smile more or propositioned. Because she is not there to protect her. I don’t make the rules. Reality’s sucks, doesn’t it?

So no. If women continue to drop out of the workforce… she can’t.

Yikes Emma, sorry, I didn’t mean to start a war here. As I said I appreciate your body of work and learn from it regularly. I’ll have to think about your reply in spite of my natural tendency to argue.

Am I a feminist because I’m a 39 year old single mother who has never been married? If I got married tomorrow and happily threw a quiche in the oven to bake while knitting some massive doily for the couch, would I be abandoning that identity and “perpetuating stereotypical gender roles?” What if I like to fucking knit (I do)?

I am a feminist *who just happens to be* a 39 year old single mother who has never been married, not BECAUSE of it. I am presently not be perpetuating a stereotypical gender role but I reserve my right to move to Stepford if I want to. Or I can bake in the city.

Feminism – the movement, the revolution, the idea (or what have you) – has provided us (women) with the powerful and apparently controversial thing in life called choice. The choice of whether or not we want to be barefoot housewives and mothers, as well as the right to happily be both, one, none, or more. It has widened our opportunities to be all that we dream, but most importantly, it insists that women not be confined to certain identities only.

There are plenty of people who believe we should still be confined to certain identities, and this author seems to be one of them. It’s up to all of us to continue to assure that we are not, and I think perhaps we start with explaining what feminism actually means to those who claim to be a feminist. (Spoiler Alert: No where in the definition does it include, “hating men.”)

All this choice is worthless if it is made under false assumptions, primarily that full-time at-home mothers are good for anyone, when in fact that myth creates dangerous dependency.

How is it not good for a child to have constant access to their caregiver?

Especially if that caregiver doubles as their food source?

I really didn’t think this level of ignorance was possible.

I am referencing the science. With the exception of the past century, women have always worked outside the home, typically in fields, with a village of caregivers looked after young children – and older children often worked.

Let’s bring back child labor! Also a “village” looking after children is hardly the same as an underpaid daycare worker. This article is some neoliberal bs.

I’ve been the full time working single mom and I am now the SAHM. Working was the easier job as raising my kids is way more work. But I’m way happier to be able to raise them instead of only seeing them a few hours a week. So the person it benefits is ME. My life is happier.

Emma you are a badass! I am so glad that you have the courage to write things (backed up by science) that inevitably bring on so much hate. These commenters are angry AF. My girls call work like yours MamaDiva work – because only Moms are brave enough and hard-working enough to do it. <3

You mention that some mothers stay home because childcare is expensive. Ok. You did not once discuss that some women *want* to raise their children full time. No woman should be told what her role in her home or society is. That’s what women have been fighting for for decades. They right to do what *they* want to do.

Also, it is very strange that you repeatedly state *when* you get a divorce not *if* you get a divorce.

What about stay at home fathers?

Most alarmingly, you seem to be placing blame for women’s inequality in the workplace on WOMEN, instead of their employers. That’s sexism at its finest.

You also fail to understand the overall picture behind these statistics. Yes, studies show children of working mothers have slightly better outcomes. Obviously this does not mean that children of stay at home parents are inherently worse of because there are hundreds of thousands of examples of successful happy children whose mothers stayed home, but more importantly, this is a correlation not a causation. More mothers in poverty stay home because of limitations that you mentioned. Children in poverty are more likely to have negative outcomes. The elements that actually impact childhood outcomes are poverty, abuse,and parental involvement. Trying to make the case that a loving family who chooses (because women should have choices, remember that part?) to have a parent stay home and is financially stable and involved in their children’s lives is inherently putting them at risk for lower quality lives is flawed research. The biggest rule if research is correlation does not equal causation.

I know some mothers who must work want comfort in thinking their way is better and that their children will thrive. They probably will, because you care. But not specifically because you work. That is presumptuous and honestly pretty vile.

I have an advanced degree and my family has gone through periods where my husband was the stay at home parent and periods where I was. I would never spew the hate and misinformation towards working mothers that you just did for mothers staying home. I’m really sorry you feel like you have to prove your love like this. We are all doing what we decided was best for our families.

What is the “misinformation”? This is all fact-based opinions, research cited. Yes, you are doing what you believe is best for your family, at the expense of gender equality. I don’t see any room to argue here, except that you have not thought about the points I make and research I cite and your feelings are hurt. Discomfort is the root of change.

Gee, I guess some sanctimommy who is out to prove that she is the best by tearing others down thinks I should live my life differently. You convinced me, I’ll go back to my career now. Riiiiight. You are arguing That ALL stay at home mothers are causing poverty and setting women back, which is indeed misinformation and a gross generalization. You completely dismiss that plenty of women want to do this, and place the blame for workplace inequality on the victims. You also failed to see how your compilation of other people’s research only shows correlation, not causation, a fact that you ignored once again in your response. Perhaps you need to be a good role model for your children and obtain some more education on how exactly research works. Anyone can find any research to support their own opinions on the internet to support their opinions. Here is some research that refutes your position. But unlike you, I would never claim that you should stay home or that you were a bad woman and mother for not doing so. Because that kind of shaming, not working mothers or stay at home mothers, is what is further degrading the lives of women.

I’m sorry but I laugh at the fact that you take a few angles and statistics about how stay at home moms do not help but actually hinder society. How they negatively or moreso don’t help positively in children’s upbringing yet avoid to discuss the fact that so many more statistics/research exists to contradict your statements. You are a mess and I am so sad women like you have a platform to use in which to belittle other women. Real women don’t do that…they pull other women from the trenches. Shame on you for trying to shame SAHMs because you are bitter for whatever you have been thru and clearly you have some other emotional agenda. I hope that isn’t your intent but that is how it reads to both men and women. It’s sad that even men have to come to SAHMs defense to explain how in fact they are making a difference. You say his response is emotional….?! Yet yours isn’t?! Lol This blog is demeaning to stay at home Mother’s and you are creating a you versus them situation. So sad….why don’t you try and look at the world off the pedestal you sat on while writing this!

Alinda, Would you mind sharing the research in favor of stay-at-home parents? I am a working Mom and take a lot of comfort in the earnings research for my kids. But I would love a more balanced view if there is one. Maybe you can copy some links for me to read? Thank you :) Ellen

I am a regular reader and I like your work, it stretches my boomer, conservative, white mind in some productive ways. I struggle with this one though. The idea that my wife did a lot of damage by retiring at 32 to raise three kids and manage our house and investments and to volunteer and to run her unofficial care taking of people who need a human touch now and then doesn’t ring true with the reality I’ve observed. One of our millennial daughters has a BS and an MS in two separate engineering fields and is gainfully employed reducing industry’s impact on the planet with our state’s environmental regulatory department. Her sister has a BS and MS in business and education and mentors division one athletes of all genders at a major university and she loves her job. They are both feminists as well but respect their mom highly and value her judgment. Our daughter in law is a PhD CRNA who seems to be doing pretty well making now about what I made after thirty years in corporate management even though she is still in her 30’s. These three women are all outearning their significant others. My spouse can out run, out hike, out shoot and out fish me and we make our financial decisions together. I prize her judgement above mine in anything that isn’t related to thermodynamics. She is a multimillionaire by the way and has always lived her life exactly as she chose. Every cent I’ve made is due in equal part to her support of our family operation. I never have nor ever will tell her to do anything, nor has she done so to me. The world, I would opine, has benefited greatly from her talents as a volunteer and someone who nurtures and helps some dozen older or marginalized people because she cares for them as unofficial family. Her kids are also productive contributors to society. The idea that you can assign fault to her life choice because she prefers to fight a different battle, one against lonlieness and neglect, instead of the gender war, seems wrong to me. The idea that she should have worked when we had way more money than we needed from one high earner income also seems silly. There are many great fights, third world poverty, religious persecution, gender bias, crime, drugs, abuse and nobody can fight all of them. In my mind she picks her battles and has accomplished a great deal in spite of not following a path you approve of.

You are arguing fact with emotion. Per many studies, several cited in this post, both boys and girls fare better when they are raised by mothers who work. You, like most Americans, tie children’s professional success to mothers’ hours with them, and that simply does not hold up. I do not suggest your wife or family are not worthwhile humans, simply that that model of the stay-at-home wife/mother hurts gender equality, and your comment does not refute that point.

I don’t see what part of Steveark’s comments seem unreasonable or untrue in disproving your anti-nuclear family diatribe. Much of what you wrote in your own blog post are ad-hominems and emotional outbursts. On second thought, all of what you wrote is an emotional outburst. You should do everyone a favor and petition your local US Representative and ask them to pass a law making it harder for women to stay at home or have forced labor rules so women are forced to work so your fantasy world can become reality. Because everything you wrote here is truly a Marxist Fantasy.

Waylon this post cites legitimate research. I’m interested in your perspective relating to the untruths. Which things are lies? And what parts of the posts are unreasonable to you? I’m genuinely interested not doing a devils advocate thing to condescend.

Legitimate is only an opinion. Read all of the blue numbered items in her post, they are all ad-hominems. Because she links to some study or other does not validate their existence or make the numbered statements true in any way.

ad-hominem: directed against a person rather than the position they are maintaining

legitimate: conforming to the law or to rules:

Thanks Waylon!

I agree. Emma is not making a reasonable argument.

Children benefit from at least one parent staying home, at least part time. Raising children leaves less time for you, whether it’s a girl’s/boy’s night out or pursuing a PhD. You make sacrifices when you have a child. If you don’t believe that this sacrifice exists, then you should not decide to have children. This pertains to both men and women. It doesn’t have to be only mom staying home, dad can do it too. There’s your gender equality.

However, if both parents want high-powered careers and freedom to pursue them, then they shouldn’t have children. What is the point of having a child you never see?

Also, Emma never arrived at a solution for the high cost of daycare to bank roll this full-time, career-driven lifestyle she suggests that we all have.

Her perspective on career and family is typical of most people in capitalistic societies. We OVER-work as men and women and our families suffer and for what? To afford that Mercedes or new boat? Maybe a time-share in Tahoe? The work ethic and family life philosophy of the U.S is far behind other countries, who support family involvement and less hyper-capitalism. Their quality of lives are much better than our own.

The answer isn’t that mothers need to work more. The answer is that we all need to work less and focus on what’s important in our lives; our families!

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